The optimum conditions for synthesis of Fe3O4/ZnO core/shell magnetic nanoparticles for photodegradation of phenol
Springer Science and Business Media LLC -- Journal of Environmental Health Science and Engineering
DOI 10.1186/2052-336X-12-21
  1. Fe3O4/ZnO nanoparticles
  2. Photocatalysis
  3. Phenol removal
  4. Synthesis

The photocatalysis of phenol was studied using Fe3O4/ZnO core/shell magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs). The photocatalysts were synthesized by coating of ZnO onto the magnetite by precipitation method and characterized by XRD, SEM and FTIR measurements. Using the Taguchi method, this study analyzes the effect of parameters such as calcinations time, calcinations temperature and molar ratio of Fe3O4:ZnO on the photo activity of Fe3O4/ZnO MNPs. XRD and FTIR analysis confirm that coating process was done successfully. SEM images show that the average particle size of synthesized Fe3O4/ZnO nanoparticles was about 50 nm. The phenol removal efficiency of 88% can be achieved by using a photocatalyst which is synthesized through the optimum conditions: calcinations temperature of 550°C, calcinations time of 2 hours and molar ratio of 1:10 for Fe3O4:ZnO.