A Versatile Route for the Synthesis of Nickel Oxide Nanostructures Without Organics at Low Temperature
Springer Science and Business Media LLC -- Nanoscale Research Letters
DOI 10.1007/s11671-008-9147-z
Keyword(s)
  1. Nickel powder
  2. Soft synthesis
  3. Nanostructures
  4. Functional materials
Abstract(s)

Nickel oxide nanoparticles and nanoflowers have been synthesized by a soft reaction of nickel powder and water without organics at 100 °C. The mechanism for the formation of nanostructures is briefly described in accordance with decomposition of metal with water giving out hydrogen. The structure, morphology, and the crystalline phase of resulting nanostructures have been characterized by various techniques. Compared with other methods, the present method is simple, fast, economical, template-free, and without organics. In addition, the approach is nontoxic without producing hazardous waste and could be expanded to provide a general and convenient strategy for the synthesis of nanostructures to other functional nanomaterials.