Mass spectrometry and molecular modeling studies on the inclusion complexes between alendronate and β-cyclodextrin
Springer Science and Business Media LLC -- Journal of Inclusion Phenomena and Macrocyclic Chemistry
DOI 10.1007/s10847-013-0315-0
  1. β-Cyclodextrin
  2. Alendronate sodium
  3. Inclusion complex
  4. Mass spectrometry
  5. Electrospray ionization
  6. Molecular modeling

Complexation of alendronate sodium (AlnNa) with β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) was studied by means of ESI-mass spectrometry. The experimental results show that stable 1:1 inclusion complexes between selected bisphosphonates and β-CD were formed. In addition, complexes with different stoichiometry were observed. DFT/B3LYP calculations were performed to elucidate the different inclusion behavior between alendronate and β-CD. Molecular modeling showed that the inclusion complex of Aln-β-CD where the two phosphonate groups bound to the central carbon atom of bisphosphonate were inserted into the cavity of β-CD from its “top” side was thermodynamically more favorable than when they were inserted from its “bottom” side; the complexation energy was −74.05 versus −60.85 kcal/mol. The calculations indicated that the formation of conventional hydrogen bonds was the main factor for non-covalent β-CD:Aln complex formation and stabilization in the gas phase.