- Distance esotropia
To describe the clinical features of acquired progressive esotropia, with a larger angle at distance than near, associated with myopia in young adults.
Eleven adults (ages ranging from 18 to 37 years) with constant or intermittent horizontal diplopia at distance were recruited. Subjective refraction, ocular alignment, fusional amplitudes and horizontal eye movements were measured at distance and near.
Distance esotropia varied from 20 to 60 prism diopters (PD). At near, the esotropic deviation ranged from 10 to 30 PD. Spherical equivalents (SE) of the right eye ranged from − 3.50 to − 8.25 diopters (D) while SE of the left eye ranged from − 0.375 to − 7.25 D. Ten of the eleven patients presented with constant diplopia at distance. Horizontal ductions and versions were full in all patients. The pathological report of seven patients who underwent lateral rectus resection showed that there were no muscle fibres, but rather, collagenous fibres.