Country-specific determinants of world university rankings
Springer Science and Business Media LLC -- Scientometrics
DOI 10.1007/s11192-017-2634-1
  1. Ranking indicators
  2. Universities
  3. Political stability
  4. Research policy
  5. Educational system

This paper examines country-specific factors that affect the three most influential world university rankings (the Academic Ranking of World Universities, the QS World University Ranking, and the Times Higher Education World University Ranking). We run a cross sectional regression that covers 42–71 countries (depending on the ranking and data availability). We show that the position of universities from a country in the ranking is determined by the following country-specific variables: economic potential of the country, research and development expenditure, long-term political stability (freedom from war, occupation, coups and major changes in the political system), and institutional variables, including government effectiveness.