CONSUMO DE BEBIDAS AÇUCARADAS, LEITE E SUA ASSOCIAÇÃO COM O ÍNDICE DE MASSA CORPORAL NA ADOLESCÊNCIA: UMA REVISÃO SISTEMÁTICA
FapUNIFESP (SciELO) -- Revista Paulista de Pediatria
DOI 10.1590/1984-0462/;2018;36;1;00010
Keyword(s)
  1. Adolescent
  2. Beverages
  3. Obesity
  4. Body mass index
  5. Adolescente
  6. Bebidas
  7. Obesidade
  8. Índice de massa corporal
Abstract(s)

ABSTRACT

Objective: To systematize literature references addressing the association of sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) and milk intake with body mass index (BMI) in adolescents.

Data source:

A search was carried out in PubMed (US National Library of Medicine National Institutes of Health) and BVS (Virtual Library in Health). The descriptors used were: adolescents, young adult, beverages, drinking, obesity, overweight, BMI, and nutritional status. The following filters were applied: age ranging from 10 to 19 years, studies published in Portuguese or English language between 2011-2015.

Data synthesis:

Thirty studies were selected (22 cross-sectional studies, 4 cohort studies, 1 randomized clinical trial, 1 case-control study, and 1 quasi-experimental study). There was association between the intake of these beverages and increase in BMI in 55% of all 20 studies that dealt with sugary drinks. When it came to soft drinks, 100% of studies reported association with increase in BMI. As to milk intake, only one article showed association with increased BMI. Three articles reported milk as a protection factor against increase in BMI; three studies found no association between this intake and BMI. Nineteen studies had representative samples and 20 surveys reported random samples. Among papers using questionnaires, 84% had been validated.

Conclusions:

There is no consensus in the literature about the association between SSB or milk intake and BMI in adolescents.