- Vaccinium angustifolium
Vaccinium angustifolium, reported as the lowbush blueberry, has a rich polyphenolic content with which biological activities have been closely associated. In this study, the effects of V. angustifolium root extract (VAE) on the anti-FcɛRI α chain antibody (CRA-1)-induced FcɛRI-mediated signaling factors, protein tyrosine kinases (PTK), Lyn, Syk, and nuclear factor kappa-B cells (NF-κB) in KU812F cells were investigated. The total phenolic content of VAE was found to be 170±1.9 mg gallic acid equivalents/g. Western blot analysis revealed that VAE dose-dependently inhibited FcɛRI-mediated phosphorylation of PTK involving Lyn and Syk. Evaluation of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) by spectrofluorometric analysis using 2′7′-dichlorofluorescin-diacetate revealed that they were reduced by VAE in a dose-dependent manner. Moreover, VAE reduced the levels of β-hexosaminidase released from CRA-1-stimulated KU812F cells. It was identified that VAE suppressed CRA-1-induced activation of NF-κB by Western blot analysis. Our results show that VAE may contribute to the inhibition of allergic actions via inactivation of basophils through the inhibition of β-hexosaminidase release and ROS production, which occurs as a result of inhibition of PTK, Syk, Lyn, and NF-κB.