Localization of Estrogen Receptors α and β in the Articular Surface of the Rat Femur
Japan Society of Histochemistry & Cytochemistry -- ACTA HISTOCHEMICA ET CYTOCHEMICA
DOI 10.1267/ahc.06015
  1. estrogen hormone
  2. estrogen receptor
  3. articular cartilage
  4. osteoarthritis
  5. aging

It has been suggested that the degradation of the articular cartilage and osteoarthritis (OA) are associated with gender and the estrogen hormone. Although many investigators have reported the presence of the estrogen receptors (ERs) α and β in the articular cartilage, the localization of these receptors and the difference in their in vivo expression have not yet been clearly demonstrated. We performed immunofluorescence staining of ERα and ERβ to elucidate the localization of the ERs and to note the effects of gender and the aging process on these receptors. The results revealed that ERα and ERβ were expressed in the articular cartilage and subchondral bone layers of adult rats of both sexes. We also observed the high expression of these receptors in immature rats. In contrast, their expression levels decreased in an ovariectomised model, as a simulation of postmenopause, and in aged female rats. Therefore, this study suggests the direct effects of estrogen and ER expression on articular surface metabolism.