The centromere protein A homologue Cse4p is required for kinetochore assembly and faithful chromosome segregation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. It has been regarded as the exquisite hallmark of centromeric chromatin. We demonstrate that Cse4 resides at the partitioning locus STB of the 2-μm plasmid. Cse4p-STB association is absolutely dependent on the plasmid partitioning proteins Rep1p and Rep2p and the integrity of the mitotic spindle. The kinetochore mutation ndc10-1 excludes Cse4p from centromeres without dislodging it from STB. Cse4p-STB association lasts from G1/S through late telophase during the cell cycle. The release of Cse4p from STB chromatin is likely mediated through spindle disassembly. A lack of functional Cse4p disrupts the remodeling of STB chromatin by the RSC2 complex, negates Rep2p binding and cohesin assembly at STB, and causes plasmid missegregation. Poaching of a specific histone variant by the plasmid to mark its partitioning locus with a centromere tag reveals yet another one of the molecular trickeries it performs for achieving chromosome- like fidelity in segregation.