One-third of people living with HIV in China are still unaware of their status, so we sought to better understand HIV testing in the general hospital setting in China.
A cross-sectional study was conducted using the electronic medical records of all patients who attended Xuanwu Hospital in Beijing, January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2016. HIV screening and detection rates and characteristics of patients diagnosed with HIV were assessed.
Overall, 235,961 patients were screened, for a screening rate of 1.4%. Although most were outpatients (98.4%), screening rate was higher among inpatients (70.0% versus 0.4%), and highest in internal medicine (36.1%) and surgery (33.3%) departments. A total of 140 patients were diagnosed with HIV, for a detection rate of 5.93 per 10,000. Detection rates were highest among outpatients (9.34 per 10,000), and patients attending the dermatology and sexually transmitted infection (STI) department (153.85 per 10,000). Most diagnoses were made among males (91.4%), aged 20–39 (67.1%), who reported becoming infected through homosexual contact (70.0%).