Fimbria-Fornix Volume Is Associated With Spatial Memory and Olfactory Identification in Humans
Frontiers Media SA -- Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience
DOI 10.3389/fnsys.2019.00087
  1. spatial memory
  2. navigation
  3. hippocampus
  4. fimbria-fornix
  5. white matter
  6. olfaction

White matter pathways that surround the hippocampus comprise its afferent and efferent connections, and are therefore crucial in mediating the function of the hippocampus. We recently demonstrated a role for the hippocampus in both spatial memory and olfactory identification in humans. In the current study, we focused our attention on the fimbria-fornix white matter bundle and investigated its relationship with spatial memory and olfactory identification. We administered a virtual navigation task and an olfactory identification task to 55 young healthy adults and measured the volume of the fimbria-fornix. We found that the volume of the right fimbria-fornix and its subdivisions is correlated with both navigational learning and olfactory identification in those who use hippocampus-based spatial memory strategies, and not in those who use caudate nucleus-based navigation strategies. These results are consistent with our recent finding that spatial memory and olfaction rely on similar neural networks and structures.