- diabetic nephropathy
Nephropathy is a common diabetes complication. ERRFI1 gene which participates in various cellular pathways has been proposed as a candidate gene in diabetic nephropathy. This study aimed to investigate the role of +808T/G polymorphism (rs377349) in ERRFI1 gene in diabetic nephropathy. In this case-control study, patients including diabetes with nephropathy (DN=104), type 2 diabetes without nephropathy (DM=100), and healthy controls (HC=106) were included. DNA was extracted from blood, and genotyping of the +808T/G polymorphism was carried out using PCR-RFLP technique. The differences for genotype and allele frequencies for +808T/G polymorphism in ERRFI1 gene between DN vs. HC and DN+DM vs. HC were significant (P<0.05) while no significant difference between DN and DM was observed. The allele frequencies were significantly different in DN vs. HC and DN+DM vs. HC in males but not in females. G allele of +808T/G polymorphism in ERRFI1 gene has no significant role in development and progression of diabetic nephropathy in diabetes patients while it is a risk allele for developing diabetes in Iranian population.