The knowledge of optical nonlinearity is pre-requisite for the utility of the nonlinear optical (NLO) materials for optoelectronic device fabrication. Z-scan experimental technique based on the principles of spatial beam distortion, has been successfully employed for years to precisely investigate the NLO parameters. In the field of optical nonlinearity, graphene has proven itself as a strong candidate material owing to the possibility of strong light-matter interactions. A detailed comparison of the NLO properties of graphene and its derivatives (G/GDs) is crucial to identify and accelerate their utility for future flexible optoelectronic device applications. Herein, we share the experimental records of the optical nonlinearity in G/GDs, obtained from the well established Z-scan technique from the available literature, reported in the period from 2009 to 2019 and were extracted from the provided raw data . The data sheet includes material composition, characteristics of the excitation laser source (operating wavelength, laser energy/power/intensity) and the NLO parameters (nonlinear absorption (NLA), nonlinear refraction (NLR), saturation intensity, optical limiting threshold). For practical use, they are tabulated in the present paper and will enable users to search the material data and filter down the set of desired materials using given parameters for their possible optoelectronic device applications. The data is related to the research article entitled “Unraveling absorptive and refractive optical nonlinearities in CVD grown graphene layers transferred onto a foreign quartz substrate” (Agrawal et al., 2019) .