Animal Cells and Systems
Taylor & Francis
Hesperidin depolarizes the pacemaker potentials through 5-HT4 receptor in murine small intestinal interstitial cells of Cajal
Volume: 24, Issue: 2
DOI 10.1080/19768354.2020.1746398

Hesperidin, a citrus flavonoid, can exert numerous beneficial effects on human health. Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) are pacemaker cells in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. In the present study, we investigated potential effects of hesperidin on pacemaker potential of ICC in murine small intestine and GI motility. A whole-cell patch-clamp configuration was used to record pacemaker potential in ICC, and GI motility was investigated in vivo by recording gastric emptying (GE) and intestinal transit rate (ITR). Hesperidin depolarized pacemaker potentials of ICC in a dose-dependent manner. Pre-treatment with methoctramine or 4-DAMP did not inhibit hesperidin-induced pacemaker potential depolarization. Neither a 5-HT3 receptor antagonist (Y25130) nor a 5-HT7 receptor antagonist (SB269970) reduced the effect of hesperidin on ICC pacemaker potential, whereas the 5-HT4 receptor antagonist RS39604 was found to inhibit this effect. In the presence of GDP–β–S, hesperidin-induced pacemaker potential depolarization was inhibited. Moreover, in the presence of U73122 and calphostin C, hesperidin did not depolarize pacemaker potentials. Furthermore, hesperidin accelerated GE and ITR in vivo. These results imply that hesperidin depolarized ICC pacemaker potential via 5-HT4 receptors, G protein, and PLC/PKC dependent pathways and that it increased GI motility. Therefore, hesperidin may be a promising novel drug to regulate GI motility.

Keywords depolarizes the pacemaker potentials through 5-HT<sub>4</sub> receptor in murine small intestinal interstitial cells of Cajal&author=Minwoo Hwang,Jeong Nam Kim,Byung Joo Kim,&keyword=Hesperidin,interstitial cells of Cajal,gastrointestinal motility,pacemaker potential,&subject=Translational Medicine,