International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
Oxford University Press
Making Sense of Computational Psychiatry
Volume: 23, Issue: 5
DOI 10.1093/ijnp/pyaa013

In psychiatry we often speak of constructing “models.” Here we try to make sense of what such a claim might mean, starting with the most fundamental question: “What is (and isn’t) a model?” We then discuss, in a concrete measurable sense, what it means for a model to be useful. In so doing, we first identify the added value that a computational model can provide in the context of accuracy and power. We then present limitations of standard statistical methods and provide suggestions for how we can expand the explanatory power of our analyses by reconceptualizing statistical models as dynamical systems. Finally, we address the problem of model building—suggesting ways in which computational psychiatry can escape the potential for cognitive biases imposed by classical hypothesis-driven research, exploiting deep systems-level information contained within neuroimaging data to advance our understanding of psychiatric neuroscience.

Keywords Sense of Computational Psychiatry&author=Lilianne R Mujica-Parodi,Helmut H Strey,&keyword=control systems,circuit,fMRI,generative models,machine learning,neuroimaging,neuroscience,psychiatry,RDoC,system identification,&subject=Review,AcademicSubjects/MED00415,AcademicSubjects/SCI01870,