Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society
Korean Neurosurgical Society
Junctional Neural Tube Defect
Volume: 63, Issue: 3
DOI 10.3340/jkns.2020.0018

Junctional neurulation represents the most recent adjunct to the well-known sequential embryological processes of primary and secondary neurulation. While its exact molecular processes, occurring at the end of primary and the beginning of secondary neurulation, are still being actively investigated, its pathological counterpart –junctional neural tube defect (JNTD)– had been described in 2017 based on three patients whose well-formed secondary neural tube, the conus, is widely separated from its corresponding primary neural tube and functionally disconnected from corticospinal control from above. Several other cases conforming to this bizarre neural tube arrangement have since appeared in the literature, reinforcing the validity of this entity. The cardinal clinical, neuroimaging, and electrophysiological features of JNTD, and the hypothesis of its embryogenetic mechanism, form part of this review.

Keywords Neural Tube Defect&author=Sebastian Eibach,Dachling Pang,&keyword=Spinal dysraphism,Embryology,Neurulation,Neural tube defects,&subject=Review Article,