Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
Georg Thieme Verlag KG
image
Retrosigmoid Craniotomy for the Removal of Left Sided Tentorial and Posterior Fossa Meningioma Combined with Microvascular Decompression for Hemifacial Spasm
Volume: 80, Issue: Suppl 3
DOI 10.1055/s-0038-1675167
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Highlights

Notes

Abstract

This 68-year-old woman presented with repeated episodes of bilateral hemifacial spasm with headache for 5 years and with recent progression of left sided symptoms. Preoperative imaging showed a left sided tentorial meningioma with brain stem and cerebellar compression. Left facial nerve was compressed by the vertebral artery (VA) and the right facial nerve by the anterior inferior cerebellar artery (AICA). This patient underwent left side retrosigmoid craniotomy and mastoidectomy. The cisterna magna was drained to relax the brain. The tumor was very firm, attached to the tentorium and had medial and lateral lobules. The superior cerebellar artery was adherent to the lateral lobule of the tumor and dissected away. The tumor was detached from its tentorial base; we first removed the lateral lobule. Following this, the medial lobule was also completely dissected and removed. The root exit zone of cranial nerve (CN) VII was dissected and exposed. The compression was caused both by a prominent VA and AICA. Initially, the several pieces of Teflon felt were placed for the decompression. Then vertebropexy was performed by using 8–0 nylon suture placed through the VA media to the clival dura. A further piece of Teflon felt was placed between cerebellopontine angle region and AICA. Her hemifacial spasm resolved postoperatively, and she discharged home 1 week later. Postoperative imaging showed complete tumor removal and decompression of left CN VII. This video shows the complex surgery of microsurgical resection of a large tentorial meningioma and microvascular decompression with a vertebropexy procedure.

The link to the video can be found at: https://youtu.be/N5aHN9CRJeM .

Keywords
Cheng, Cheng, Qazi, and Sekhar: Retrosigmoid Craniotomy for the Removal of Left Sided Tentorial and Posterior Fossa Meningioma Combined with Microvascular Decompression for Hemifacial Spasm

Preoperative Brain MRI with gadolinium contrast
(A)
axial and
(B)
coronal view showing a left sided bilobule tentorial meningioma with brain stem and cerebellar compression;
(C)
showed left facial nerve was compressed by the VA. At 3 days follow-up, postoperative
(D)
axial and
(E)
coronal brain MRI with gadolinium contrast demonstrating complete resection of the lesion and showed VA was separated from facial nerve by
(F)
Teflon felt. MRI, magnetic resonance imaging; VA, vertebral artery.
Fig. 1
Preoperative Brain MRI with gadolinium contrast (A) axial and (B) coronal view showing a left sided bilobule tentorial meningioma with brain stem and cerebellar compression; (C) showed left facial nerve was compressed by the VA. At 3 days follow-up, postoperative (D) axial and (E) coronal brain MRI with gadolinium contrast demonstrating complete resection of the lesion and showed VA was separated from facial nerve by (F) Teflon felt. MRI, magnetic resonance imaging; VA, vertebral artery.

Intraoperative image revealed
(A)
tumor was firmly attached to the tentorium and had medial and lateral lobules; the superior cerebellar artery was adherent to the lateral lobule. The root exit zone of CN VII was dissected and exposed. The compression was caused both by a prominent VA and AICA from the microscopic view (
B
) and endoscopic view (
C
). AICA, anterior inferior cerebellar artery; CN, cranial nerve; SCA, superior cerebellar artery; VA, vertebral artery.
Fig. 2
Intraoperative image revealed (A) tumor was firmly attached to the tentorium and had medial and lateral lobules; the superior cerebellar artery was adherent to the lateral lobule. The root exit zone of CN VII was dissected and exposed. The compression was caused both by a prominent VA and AICA from the microscopic view ( B ) and endoscopic view ( C ). AICA, anterior inferior cerebellar artery; CN, cranial nerve; SCA, superior cerebellar artery; VA, vertebral artery.

www.thieme.com/skullbasevideos

www.thieme.com/jnlsbvideos

Notes

Conflict of Interest: None.
https://www.researchpad.co/tools/openurl?pubtype=article&doi=10.1055/s-0038-1675167&title=Retrosigmoid Craniotomy for the Removal of Left Sided Tentorial and Posterior Fossa Meningioma Combined with Microvascular Decompression for Hemifacial Spasm&author=Yu-Wen Cheng,Chun-Yu Cheng,Zeeshan Qazi,Laligam N. Sekhar,&keyword=tentorial meningioma,microvascular decompression,hemifacial spasm,vertebropexy,&subject=Skull Base: Operative Videos,