Journal of the Endocrine Society
Oxford University Press
MON-139 Development of a Culturally Competent Skills and Knowledge Assessment Tool for Patients with Diabetes
Volume: 4, Issue: Suppl 1
DOI 10.1210/jendso/bvaa046.1404




Training of diabetes (DM) skills is critical to assure competency of DM survival skills (e.g. glucose testing) for immediate self-care. While DM assessments exist, we sought to develop a culturally acceptable DM Skills and Knowledge Assessment (DM-SKA) tool. A systematic search of Pubmed/Medline and Scopus (1980-2017) of assessments for DM knowledge was performed. 24 studies were identified, only 33% reported minority populations. Studies were classified by topic: measurement of DM skills, objectives of DM training, assessments of DM education, and other non-patient assessments. Content from existing assessments was adapted to create a 12 question DM-SKA to address 6 domains: DM, blood glucose and self-monitoring, support services, identification management of hypo and hyperglycemia, and insulin administration. To assess cultural acceptance, cognitive evaluations were conducted in individual user sessions and focus groups. The DM-SKA had a baseline Flesch reading score of 81.3 (low complexity language) and Flesch-Kincaid reading grade level of 5.3. Of 39 approached, 85% (N=33) participated (6 inpatients refused, feeling “overwhelmed”). Participants were diverse, including 8 clinicians, 10 patients/caregivers, and 15 laypersons; 46% were non-Hispanic whites, 33% non-Hispanic blacks, 12% Hispanics, and 9% Asian Americans. Mean age of patient/caregiver/laypersons was 57.8±17 (44% > age 65) and 40.1±12 years for clinicians (12.5% > age 65). All clinicians reported that appropriate DM skill domains were included and felt patients would complete the tool. All patients/caregivers and laypersons (N=25) verbalized adequate comprehension of each question; 96% reported willingness to complete the DM-SKA if provided and 88% reported their family, friends or someone in their community would be willing to complete it. However, both providers (N=2) and patients (N=2) reported concerns about assessment format and delivery [e.g. “testing” or “quiz”]. Some younger (<65 years) patients/caregiver/laypersons (N= 4) reported concerns about potential willingness of elderly family members to complete the tool. However, acceptability of the DM-SKA was noted from all participants >65 years. Vision problems and older age were identified as potential barriers. Of those offered the assessment (N = 25), 5 (20%) participants needed assistance [N=2 vision, N=3 English as second language]. Mean DM-SKA score was 10.2±1.7 of 12. Incorrect answers mostly occurred for questions with multiple correct answers. The DM-SKA has acceptable literacy characteristics, cognitive validity, and cultural acceptability by racial/ethnic minority populations, including elderly persons. Future work includes integration into clinical workflows and incorporation of patient preferences.

Hakimian, Karam, Pardilla, Coyne, Touma, Larsen, Holl, Wallia, and Grace: MON-139 Development of a Culturally Competent Skills and Knowledge Assessment Tool for Patients with Diabetes Development of a Culturally Competent Skills and Knowledge Assessment Tool for Patients with Diabetes&author=Stephanie Hakimian,Susan Karam,Kim Pardilla,Kasey Coyne,Emilie K Touma,Diane Larsen,Jane L Holl,Amisha Wallia,Prince Grace,&keyword=&subject=Healthcare Delivery and Education,Expanding Clinical Considerations for Patient Testing and Care,AcademicSubjects/MED00250,