Background: Even without atherosclerosis, diabetes increases the risk of death from coronary heart disease and heart failure. Myocardial perfusion dysfunction may occur in the early stage of diabetic cardiomyopathy, but its examination method is relatively complex. It is very important to carry out targeted cardiac screening to find the factors related to diabetic myocardial perfusion in the early stage.
Methods: We enrolled 77 patients with diabetes and 30 controls, performed anthropometric and laboratory tests such as blood glucose and lipids, and calculated Framingham Cardiovascular Disease 10-year-risk Score (FRS). All participants underwent cardiac magnetic resonance examinations and recorded their cardiac structure, functional indicators (such as ejection fraction (EF), end-diastolic volume (EDV), end-systolic volume (ESV), stroke volume(SV), peak filling rate (PFR),myocardial perfusion index (maximum upslope (Slope), half time to maximum signal intensity (Time50Max (s)), time to maximum signal intensity (TimeMax (s)), the maximum signal intensity (MaxSI),, basic signal intensity (Baseline),the ratio of MaxSI and Baseline ((MaxSI (BL) %), the difference value between MaxSI and Baseline (MaxSI (BL))).
Results: Compared with normal group, no cardiovascular symptoms of left ventricular and right ventricular systolic function in patients with diabetes and end-diastolic and end systolic volume had no obvious difference, left ventricular PFR is lower than normal (279.65 + 57.62 vs. 322.57 + / - 78.29, p = 0.02), in the subgroup analysis we found that the FRS high-risk groups, ventricular septal thickening tend to, and Slope, MaxSI, MaxSI BL (%), MaxSI (BL) were significantly lower than the high risk group, Time50Max and TimeMax were significantly longer than the non-high-risk group, and FRS was negatively correlated with Slope, MaxSI(%BL) and positively correlated with TimeMax(s) and Time50Max(s), with statistical significance.
Conclusion: Systolic function remains and diastolic function decreases in asymptomatic diabetic patients. Moreover, the patients with high risk of FRS had significant decreased perfusion function, and the quantitative indexes of perfusion function were closely related to FRS. It is of great value to pay attention to the changes of FRS score for early screening and diagnosis of diabetic heart disease.