Journal of the Endocrine Society
Oxford University Press
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MON-693 Strongyloides Stercoralis Hyper Infestation Syndrome in Type 2 Diabetes: An ANCA Positive Case Report from India
Volume: 4, Issue: Suppl 1
DOI 10.1210/jendso/bvaa046.1714

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Abstract

A 53-year old male patient with T2D and hypertension for 13 years, presented to Apollo Sugar Clinic, Raipur with recurrent abdomen pain, but no vomiting, constipation, diarrhea or fever. The patient has a past history of asthmatic bronchitis, recurrent eosinophilia, and one month prior to hospitalization, recovered from erythematous maculopapular serpentine rash measuring 6.0 x 1.5 cm over the abdomen post anti-allergic treatment. The patient was neither suffering from immunosuppressive condition nor was on immunosuppressant therapy, had normal vitals but the laboratory findings revealed high total leukocyte count and raised absolute eosinophil count (52%). The provisional diagnosis was made as hypereosinophilic enteritis in a long-standing T2D and hypertension. Immunological tests antinuclear antibody (ANA) and antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) resulted in positive ruling out vasculitis. Stool examination detected rhabditiform larvae of S Stercoralis and diagnosed as Strongyloides hyper infestation syndrome. The patient was managed with IV antibiotics, IV fluids, IV insulin and when abdomen pain reduced started with the oral diet. To remove larvae load, unlike routine treatment, the patient was put on albendazole and ivermectin for three consecutive days. After 15 days follow-up patient was completely asymptomatic; at 6 weeks TLC, stool test, ANCA and ANA titer were negative indicating no parasite load. These antibodies detected could be due to molecular mimicry triggered by parasite antigens which may help in diagnosing and monitoring the disease course. ANA and ANCA positive results have been rarely reported in the past for S stercoralis. This unique case of S stercoralis infestation in T2D may enlighten the health care physicians to investigate for this infestation in immunocompromised T2D patients with pain abdomen. Precise diagnosis with timely management can prevent steroid therapy due to eosinophilic enteritis which can be harmful to the patients.

Dash, Tippisetty, and Kolukula: MON-693 Strongyloides Stercoralis Hyper Infestation Syndrome in Type 2 Diabetes: An ANCA Positive Case Report from India
https://www.researchpad.co/tools/openurl?pubtype=article&doi=10.1210/jendso/bvaa046.1714&title=MON-693 Strongyloides Stercoralis Hyper Infestation Syndrome in Type 2 Diabetes: An ANCA Positive Case Report from India&author=Kalpana Dash,Surekha Tippisetty,Vamsi Krishna Kolukula,&keyword=&subject=Diabetes Mellitus and Glucose Metabolism,Diabetes Complications II,AcademicSubjects/MED00250,