Journal of the Endocrine Society
Oxford University Press
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SUN-682 Type Two Diabetes Patient in Remission After Twelve Years of Diagnosis
Volume: 4, Issue: Suppl 1
DOI 10.1210/jendso/bvaa046.782

Highlights

Notes

Abstract

Introduction

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) has been defined as a lifelong condition which is inevitably progressive.1 The idea that beta cell function certainly declines with time in diabetic people who have developed T2D has been definitively disproven.2 It has been recognised that the processes that cause T2D can be reversed and T2D remission can be achieved.2

Many studies show that, by changing life style dramatically, controlling diabetes can improve significantly and a significant proportion of patients can also reduce or come off their glucose-lowering therapies.3 This has been formally proven in DIRECT, with clear evidence of gradual continuing improvement in beta cell functional capacity over at least 12 months.4 Remission was linked to weight loss, as two third of those who lost more than 10kg were in remission after two years.4

Methods

A case study was done on a 66 years old male, who is diabetic for the last 12 years, with other comorbidities: hypertension and hypercholesterolemia.

He presented with Hemoglobin A1C (HbA1c) of 7.4% with BMI of 37.7 kg/m2 on four oral hypoglycaemic agents and basal insulin of 20 units per day.

His treatment was changed by adding Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RA) for better glycemic control and weight reduction in a setting of a multidisciplinary team approach, including endocrinologist, diabetes educator, dietitian and physical trainer.

Results

Over the last one year and two months, patient was able to stop all his diabetes medication including GLP-1 RA. Over three years follow ups patient achieved weight reduction of 17.3% with HbA1c of 6.5% and additional other metabolic factor benefits.

Conclusion

Even with 12 years of diabetes, reversibility of T2D can still be achieved with weight reduction of over 15%. We will wait for another 10 months to reconfirm our data for two years remission.

References

1. Steven S, Taylor R. Restoring normoglycaemia by use of a very low calorie diet in long‐and short‐duration Type 2 diabetes. Diabetic Medicine. 2015 Sep;32(9):1149-55.

2. Nagi D, Hambling C, Taylor R. Remission of type 2 diabetes: a position statement from the Association of British Clinical Diabetologists (ABCD) and the Primary Care Diabetes Society (PCDS). British Journal of Diabetes. 2019 Jun 27;19(1):73-6.

3. Wing RR, Blair E, Marcus M, Epstein LH, Harvey J. Year-long weight loss treatment for obese patients with type II diabetes: does including an intermittent very-low-calorie diet improve outcome?. The American journal of medicine. 1994 Oct 1;97(4):354-62.

4. Taylor R, Al-Mrabeh A, Zhyzhneuskaya S, Peters C, Barnes AC, Aribisala BS, Hollingsworth KG, Mathers JC, Sattar N, Lean ME. Remission of human type 2 diabetes requires decrease in liver and pancreas fat content but is dependent upon capacity for β cell recovery. Cell metabolism. 2018 Oct 2;28(4):547-56.

Shaghouli and Aranky: SUN-682 Type Two Diabetes Patient in Remission After Twelve Years of Diagnosis
https://www.researchpad.co/tools/openurl?pubtype=article&doi=10.1210/jendso/bvaa046.782&title=SUN-682 Type Two Diabetes Patient in Remission After Twelve Years of Diagnosis&author=Amna Ali Shaghouli,Rola Aranky,&keyword=&subject=Diabetes Mellitus and Glucose Metabolism,Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus,AcademicSubjects/MED00250,