Journal of the Endocrine Society
Oxford University Press
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SAT-668 Liver Function Test in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus and Prevalence of Other Autoimmune Disease in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
Volume: 4, Issue: Suppl 1
DOI 10.1210/jendso/bvaa046.1721

Highlights

Notes

Abstract

Background

Recent studies suggest that non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) may be more common in type 1 diabetes. The pathogenesis of NAFLD has been hypothesized that, hepatic fat accumulation may be due to hyperglycemia induced activation of the transcription factors.

Type 1 DM inducing autoimmune process can also affect other organs. So screening for celiac disease, Hashimoto’s thyroiditis and other autoimmune disorders is necessary.

Aims:

1.

To evaluate the prevalence of NAFLD in type 1 DM. And to correlate glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) with aspartate transaminase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT).

2.

To determine the prevalence of autoimmune disease like hypothyroidism, celiac disease, vitamin B12 deficiency and Vitiligo in type 1 DM.

3.

To study the prevalence of microvascular complications and correlate it with HBA1c.

Study design

Cross sectional study

Methods:

Eighty patients with type 1 DM were taken, liver function test, HbA1c and TSH was sent. BMI was calculated. We calculated prevalence of elevated AST and ALT in all patients and correlated with HbA1c.

All patients were screened for other autoimmune disorders. Screening for celiac disease was done by celiac antibodies and antibodies positive patients underwent duodenal biopsy. Thyroid screening was done by TSH and anti TPO antibodies. Vitamin B12 levels were also measured.

Patients also underwent screening for microvascular complications to see its prevalence.

Statistical Analysis

Categorical data was represented in the form of frequencies and proportions. Chi square test was used as test of significance for qualitative data. Continuous data was represented as mean and standard deviation.

Pearson correlation or Spearman’s correlation was done to find the correlation between two quantitative variables and qualitative variables and quantitative variables respectively.

Results:

Mean age of subjects was 21.38 ± 6.16 years, 57.6% were females and 42.4% were males, mean HBA1c was 10.45 ± 2.54, mean AST was 24.71 ± 15.85 and mean ALT was 22.08 ± 15.13. In the study significant positive correlation was observed between HbA1c and ALT, i.e. With increase in HbA1c there was increase in ALT and vice versa. There was no significant correlation between HbA1c and AST.

In the study 21.2% were hypothyroid, 29.4%had Celiac disease, 1.2% had Vitiligo and 23.5% had B12 deficiency. In the study there was no significant association between Micro vascular complications and HbA1c.

In the study 3.5% had neuropathy, 7% had retinopathy, 4.7% had nephropathy.

Conclusion:

Elevated ALT can be associated with NAFLD related risk factors. Type 1 diabetics with elevated ALT should be evaluated. And patients with type 1 DM should undergo screening for other autoimmune disease.

Anusha, divya, sachan, suresh, and Venkatanarasu: SAT-668 Liver Function Test in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus and Prevalence of Other Autoimmune Disease in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
https://www.researchpad.co/tools/openurl?pubtype=article&doi=10.1210/jendso/bvaa046.1721&title=SAT-668 Liver Function Test in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus and Prevalence of Other Autoimmune Disease in Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus&author=Nadig Anusha,sree divya,alok sachan,v s suresh,Ashok Venkatanarasu,&keyword=&subject=Diabetes Mellitus and Glucose Metabolism,Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus,AcademicSubjects/MED00250,