ResearchPad - 1523 https://www.researchpad.co Default RSS Feed en-us © 2020 Newgen KnowledgeWorks <![CDATA[Successful sparing approach between the ascending aorta and the main pulmonary artery to the giant coronary aneurysm of the left main coronary artery]]> https://www.researchpad.co/article/elastic_article_9102 Coronary aneurysm located just above the left main coronary artery (LMT) is rare and difficult to treat. How the aneurysm is accessed is very important as it determines the result of the surgery. A 70-year-old man with a large coronary aneurysm (40 mm in diameter) in the LMT underwent surgery to prevent its rupture; however, there was severe adhesion. Initially, dissection of the ascending aorta or the pulmonary artery seemed necessary to access the aneurysm; however, the process was possible with limited dissection between the ascending aorta and the pulmonary artery, and we succeeded in firmly closing the LMT site of entry.

]]>
<![CDATA[Surgical excision of post-traumatic myositis ossificans of the adductor longus in a football player]]> https://www.researchpad.co/article/N28129bd9-166a-4ca5-ac4c-d8fe07df6be6

A football player was diagnosed with myositis ossificans of his right adductor longus muscle after an acute injury. Conservative treatment failed and 1 year after the initial trauma the patient underwent surgical excision of a large ossification. Seven months postoperatively, the patient was fully recovered and returned to his preinjury activity levels. We present our approach to this case and discuss our considerations, referring to background information about this rare disease.

]]>
<![CDATA[Concomitant Plasmodium vivax malaria and murine typhus infection with pulmonary involvement]]> https://www.researchpad.co/article/5c394522d5eed0c484a30a96

We report a case of Plasmodium vivax and murine typhus coinfection in a 30-year-old woman who presented with intermittent, high-grade fever. Her peripheral blood smear showed ring-form trophozoites of P. vivax, with an initial murine typhus serological test being negative. Although the P. vivax infection was successfully treated, she still had intermittent, high-grade fever, developed dyspnoea and bilateral interstitial pneumonitis shown in the chest X-ray. Thus, coinfection was suspected, and empirical antibiotics were given. The second serological test confirmed the concomitant murine typhus infection, and antibiotics treatment were successful with the complete recovery. This case emphasises that an initial negative murine typhus serological test does not necessarily rule out the presence of the disease. A follow-up murine typhus serological or molecular test within 1–2 weeks is therefore recommended.

]]>
<![CDATA[Hydralazine-associated antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody vasculitis with pulmonary–renal syndrome]]> https://www.researchpad.co/article/5c37ba6fd5eed0c4844973e0

Hydralazine, a vasodilator, is commonly used as an adjunctive treatment for moderate to severe hypertension, heart failure and hypertensive emergencies in pregnancy. Hydralazine-induced lupus was first described in 1953. Clinical presentation ranges from arthralgia, myalgia, petechiae, or rash to single or multiorgan involvement. An occurrence of systemic vasculitis is a rare complication. When presented as the pulmonary–renal syndrome, it could have a rapidly progressive course which can be fatal. Here, we describe a case of hydralazine-associated rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis and pulmonary haemorrhage. We use this case to review the current literature and discuss and highlight the importance of a high degree of clinical acumen, early diagnosis and prompt treatment for better clinical outcomes.

]]>
<![CDATA[Resolved heart tamponade and controlled exophthalmos, facial pain and diabetes insipidus due to Erdheim-Chester disease]]> https://www.researchpad.co/article/5c19b1a4d5eed0c484c4db32

A 69-year-old woman suffering from exophthalmos and facial pain came to us referred for aetiological diagnosis of exophthalmos. Orbital MRI showed thinned extrinsic ocular musculature, intraconal fat infiltration, retro-ocular compression and thickening of maxillary and sphenoid sinus walls. She had been suffering from diabetes insipidus for the last 7 years. During our diagnosis process, she presented signs of cardiac tamponade. Transthoracic heart ultrasound revealed large pericardial effusion and a heterogeneous mass that compressed the right ventricle. No osteosclerotic lesions on appendicular bones were present. Pericardiocentesis temporarily controlled tamponade and corticoid therapy temporarily abated exophthalmos. Pericardiectomy definitively resolved tamponade. Histological examination of pericardial tissue was conclusive of Erdheim-Chester disease. Exophthalmos responded to pegylated interferon-alpha-2a. Facial bone pain disappeared after zoledronic acid and interferon treatment. During interferon therapy, the patient suffered from a severe generalised desquamative exanthema that slowly resolved after discontinuing interferon. Diabetes insipidus remains controlled with desmopressin.

]]>