ResearchPad - 1869 Default RSS Feed en-us © 2020 Newgen KnowledgeWorks <![CDATA[Diabetes mellitus as a risk factor for compression neuropathy: a longitudinal cohort study from southern Sweden]]> Compression neuropathies (CN) in the upper extremity, the most common being carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and ulnar nerve entrapment (UNE), are frequent among patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). Earlier studies have shown contradicting results regarding DM as a risk factor for CN. Thus, the aim of the present population-based, longitudinal study was to explore potential associations between DM, CTS, and UNE during long-term follow-up.Research design and methodsA total of 30 466 participants aged 46–73 years, included in the population-based Malmö Diet and Cancer Study during 1991–1996, were followed up in Swedish national registries regarding incident CTS and UNE until 2016. Associations between prevalent DM at baseline and incident CTS or UNE were calculated using Cox proportional hazard models, adjusted for baseline confounders, such as sex, age at study entry, smoking, hypertension, use of antihypertensive treatment, alcohol consumption, and body mass index (BMI). HbA1c and fasting plasma glucose levels had been measured at baseline in a subgroup of 5508 participants and were related to incident CTS and UNE in age and sex-adjusted binary logistic regression models.ResultsA total of 1081 participants developed CTS and 223 participants developed UNE during a median follow-up of 21 years. Participants with incident CTS or UNE had higher prevalence of DM and higher BMI at baseline. Using multivariate Cox regression models, prevalent DM at baseline was independently associated with both incident CTS (HR 2.10; 95% CI 1.65 to 2.70, p<0.0001) and incident UNE (HR 2.20; 95% CI 1.30 to 3.74, p=0.003). Higher levels of HbA1c and plasma glucose were associated with an increased risk for CTS, but not for UNE.ConclusionThis study establishes DM as a major risk factor in the development of both CTS and UNE. Furthermore, a higher BMI is associated with both CTS and UNE. Finally, hyperglycemia seems to affect the median and ulnar nerves differently. ]]> <![CDATA[Glucose time in range and peripheral neuropathy in type 2 diabetes mellitus and chronic kidney disease]]>


Compared with hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) may better capture risk of diabetes complications in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), including diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN). We hypothesized that glucose time in range (TIR), measured by CGM, is associated with DPN symptoms among participants with type 2 diabetes mellitus (type 2 DM) and moderate-to-severe CKD.

​Research design and methods

We enrolled 105 people with type 2 DM treated with insulin or sulfonylurea, 81 participants with CKD (estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) <60 mL/min/1.73 m2) and 24 matched control participants with eGFR ≥60 mL/min/1.73 m2. Each participant wore a CGM for two 6-day periods. Calculated glycemic measures included TIR (glucose 70–180 mg/dL) and glucose management indicator (GMI). DPN symptoms were assessed using the Michigan Neuropathy Screening Instrument (MNSI) questionnaire, with a positive MNSI score defined as ≥2 symptoms.


Participants with CKD had a mean age of 68 years, diabetes duration 20 years, eGFR 38 mL/min/1.73 m2 and HbA1c 7.8%, 61 mmol/mol. Sixty-two participants reported ≥2 DPN symptoms, 51 (63%) with CKD and 11 (46%) controls. Less TIR and higher GMI were associated with higher risk of MNSI questionnaire score ≥2 (OR 1.25 (95% CI 1.02 to 1.52) per 10% lower TIR, and OR 1.79 (95% CI 1.05 to 3.04) per 1% higher GMI, adjusting for age, gender and race). Similar results were observed when analyses were restricted to participants with CKD. In contrast, there was no significant association of HbA1c with DPN symptoms.


Symptoms of DPN were common among participants with long-standing type 2 DM and CKD. Lower TIR and higher GMI were associated with DPN symptoms.

<![CDATA[Using in vivo corneal confocal microscopy to identify diabetic sensorimotor polyneuropathy risk profiles in patients with type 1 diabetes]]>


Diabetic sensorimotor peripheral neuropathy (DSP) is the most prevalent complication in diabetes mellitus. Identifying DSP risk is essential for intervening early in the natural history of the disease. Small nerve fibers are affected earliest in the disease progression and evidence of this damage can be identified using in vivo corneal confocal microscopy (IVCCM).

Research design and methods

We applied IVCCM to a cohort of 40 patients with type 1 diabetes to identify their DSP risk profile. We measured standard IVCCM parameters including corneal nerve fiber length (CNFL), and performed nerve conduction studies and quantitative sensory testing.


40 patients (53% female), with a mean age of 48±14, BMI 28.1±5.8, and diabetes duration of 27±18 years were enrolled between March 2014 and June 2015. Mean IVCCM CNFL was 12.0±5.2 mm/mm2 (normal ≥15 mm/mm2). Ten patients (26%) without DSP were identified as being at risk of future DSP with mean CNFL 11.0±2.1 mm/mm2. Six patients (15%) were at low risk of future DSP with mean CNFL 19.0±4.6 mm/mm2, while 23 (59%) had established DSP with mean CNFL 10.5±4.5 mm/mm2.


IVCCM can be used successfully to identify the risk profile for DSP in patients with type 1 diabetes. This methodology may prove useful to classify patients for DSP intervention clinical trials.