ResearchPad - 296 https://www.researchpad.co Default RSS Feed en-us © 2020 Newgen KnowledgeWorks <![CDATA[<i>TGM6</i> L517W is not a pathogenic variant for spinocerebellar ataxia type 35]]> https://www.researchpad.co/article/elastic_article_7785 To investigate the pathogenicity of the TGM6 variant for spinocerebellar ataxia 35 (SCA35), which was previously reported to be caused by pathogenic mutations in the gene TGM6.MethodsNeurologic assessment and brain MRI were performed to provide detailed description of the phenotype. Whole-exome sequencing and dynamic mutation analysis were performed to identify the genotype.ResultsThe proband, presenting with myoclonic epilepsy, cognitive decline, and ataxia, harbored both the TGM6 p.L517W variant and expanded CAG repeats in gene ATN1. Further analysis of the other living family members in this pedigree revealed that the CAG repeat number was expanded in all the patients and within normal range in all the unaffected family members. However, the TGM6 p.L517W variant was absent in 2 affected family members, but present in 3 healthy individuals.ConclusionsThe nonsegregation of the TGM6 variant with phenotype does not support this variant as the disease-causing gene in this pedigree, questioning the pathogenicity of TGM6 in SCA35. ]]> <![CDATA[Expanding the molecular and phenotypic spectrum of truncating MT-ATP6 mutations]]> https://www.researchpad.co/article/Nffe37d8c-bf34-402a-8ffc-1fc37c2bc213

Objective

To describe the clinical and functional consequences of 1 novel and 1 previously reported truncating MT-ATP6 mutation.

Methods

Three unrelated probands with mitochondrial encephalomyopathy harboring truncating MT-ATP6 mutations are reported. Transmitochondrial cybrid cell studies were used to confirm pathogenicity of 1 novel variant, and the effects of all 3 mutations on ATPase 6 and complex V structure and function were investigated.

Results

Patient 1 presented with adult-onset cerebellar ataxia, chronic kidney disease, and diabetes, whereas patient 2 had myoclonic epilepsy and cerebellar ataxia; both harbored the novel m.8782G>A; p.(Gly86*) mutation. Patient 3 exhibited cognitive decline, with posterior white matter abnormalities on brain MRI, and severely impaired renal function requiring transplantation. The m.8618dup; p.(Thr33Hisfs*32) mutation, previously associated with neurogenic muscle weakness, ataxia, and retinitis pigmentosa, was identified. All 3 probands demonstrated a broad range of heteroplasmy across different tissue types. Blue-native gel electrophoresis of cultured fibroblasts and skeletal muscle tissue confirmed multiple bands, suggestive of impaired complex V assembly. Microscale oxygraphy showed reduced basal respiration and adenosine triphosphate synthesis, while reactive oxygen species generation was increased. Transmitochondrial cybrid cell lines studies confirmed the deleterious effects of the novel m.8782 G>A; p.(Gly86*) mutation.

Conclusions

We expand the clinical and molecular spectrum of MT-ATP6-related mitochondrial disorders to include leukodystrophy, renal disease, and myoclonic epilepsy with cerebellar ataxia. Truncating MT-ATP6 mutations may exhibit highly variable mutant levels across different tissue types, an important consideration during genetic counseling.

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