ResearchPad - Oral Surgery https://www.researchpad.co Default RSS Feed en-us © 2020 Newgen KnowledgeWorks <![CDATA[Influence of information concerning a computerized anesthesia system on dental anxiety: a randomized controlled clinical trial]]> https://www.researchpad.co/product?articleinfo=Nda65332c-13ed-4676-9a69-7693c805d156

Background

A single-blinded randomized controlled trial among patients requiring an upper third molar extraction was performed to evaluate the anxiety degree after receiving information or not about the functioning of The Wand system. Secondarily, perceived pain and the need of re-anesthesia were assessed.

Material and Methods

Patients were randomly assigned to the experimental group (detailed explanation about The Wand) or control group (no specific information). Local anesthesia with The Wand consisted in a supraperiosteal infiltrative technique injection 1.6 mL at the buccal and 0.2 mL at the palatal side. Distinct questionnaires for assessing dental anxiety and 100-mm visual analog scales to assess pain were delivered. Demographic data, radiological parameters, operative time and type of intervention were also registered. A descriptive bivariate analysis by non-parametric tests to detect differences in anxiety, pain and re-anesthesia was performed by SPSS 22.0 (SPPS Inc. Chicago, USA).

Results

A total of 85 patients were assessed for eligibility but 17 participants were lost due to the cancellation of the visit for the surgical intervention. Finally, sixty-eight patients were included (34 participants in each group), 47 women (69.1%) and 21 men (30.9%), with an average age of 28.8 (± 9.3) years.

Conclusions

Patients that received a detailed explanation of The Wand did not have a significant reduction of the anxiety degree and perceived pain during the anesthetic act compared to patients that received no information. The need of re-anesthesia was not related to the anxiety level but was significantly related to increasing operative time.

Key words:Dental anxiety, pain, local anesthesia, third molar, computerized anesthesia.

]]>
<![CDATA[Assessment of clinical outcomes and histomorphometric findings in alveolar ridge augmentation procedures with allogeneic bone block grafts: A systematic review and meta-analysis]]> https://www.researchpad.co/product?articleinfo=N0628efbe-2eba-4302-92ae-46700e97cce5

Background

This systematic literature review aimed to evaluate the efficacy of allogeneic bone blocks for ridge augmentation by assessing block survival rates and subsequent implant survival, including post-surgical complications and histomorphometric analysis.

Material and Methods

An electronic and manual search among references, was conducted up to April 2019 by two independent authors. Inclusion criteria were: human clinical trials in which the outcomes of allogeneic bone block grafts were evaluated by means of their survival rates and subsequent implant success rates.

Results

Seven articles fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were analyzed. A total of 323 allogeneic block grafts were monitored for a minimum of 12 months follow-up after surgery, of which thirteen (4.02%) failed. Regarding the cumulative implant survival rate, the weighted mean was 97.36%, computed from 501 implants. Histologic and histomorphometric analysis showed that allogeneic block grafts presented some clinical and microstructural differences in comparison with autologous block grafts.

Conclusions

Atrophic alveolar crest reconstruction with allogeneic bone block grafts would appear a feasible alternative to autologous bone block grafts, obtaining a low block graft failure rate, similar implant survival rate and fewer postoperative complications. Further investigations generating long term data are needed to confirm these findings.

Key words:Allogeneic block, clinical outcome, ridge augmentation, dental implants.

]]>
<![CDATA[Comparison of diode laser – Oral tissue interaction to different wavelengths. In vitro study of porcine periodontal pockets and oral mucosa]]> https://www.researchpad.co/product?articleinfo=N171f02c8-2cae-488b-b1ba-0859d53eca36

Background

The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effect of diode lasers at different wavelengths and power settings in handmade incisions in periodontal pockets and in oral mucosa of porcine tissue considering thermal damage, necrosis and the affected area of the soft tissue.

Material and Methods

Combining the following laser wavelengths, 445nm, 532nm (KTP), 810nm, 980nm, 1064nm and 1470nm, and a power range from 0.5W to 2.0W in a continuous wave mode (CW), we made handmade incisions in porcine periodontal pockets and oral mucosa. After histological processing, we measured the area of ​​lost tissue, the area of ​​thermal damage and the area of ​​necrosis. Then, we performed ANOVA to evaluate the difference between groups and two-way ANOVA to identify the influence of the laser-type variables and the power on the results.

Results

We applied an ANOVA test to evaluate the results, where statistical analysis showed clear differences between the 1470nm and 810nm laser groups that refer to thermal damage and necrosis in the periodontal pocket surface. Regarding the oral mucosa surface, the 1064nm laser showed differences in the analysis of lost tissue. According to the applied power, all the variables we studied (lost tissue area, area of thermal damage and necrosis) showed higher values when using a power of 2.0W instead of 0.5W.

Conclusions

According to our results, the 810nm diode laser for oral soft-tissue biopsy using power ranges between 0.5W and 2W would be the best choice to avoid thermal damage in peri-incisional margins.

Key words:Laser surgery, soft tissue, diode laser, KTP laser, thermal damage, necrosis.

]]>
<![CDATA[Patient morbidity after impacted third molar extraction with different flap designs. A systematic review and meta-analysis]]> https://www.researchpad.co/product?articleinfo=N774f13e5-ddb8-410e-ac22-de88e0b4ed6d

Background

To review the literature on the effect of different surgical flaps upon patient morbidity (pain perception, trismus, swelling and osteitis) after impacted third molar extraction.

Material and Methods

An electronic and complementary search of main databases and grey literature was performed up to January 2019 to retrieve randomized clinical trials. The Cochrane risk of bias assessment tool was used for methodological appraisal. A random-effects meta-analysis was conducted of pain perception and trismus.

Results

From the initially 1314 screened studies, only 11 were included in the qualitative synthesis, and 5 in the meta-analysis. There were no statistically significant differences in pain between the envelope and triangular flap designs over time, except on the sixth postoperative day, when the envelope flap proved more painful. Regarding trismus, statistically significant differences were observed on the seventh postoperative day, with greater mouth opening in the envelope flap group than in the triangular flap group. There were no clear differences in swelling and osteitis among the flap designs.

Conclusions

Despite its limitations, the present meta-analysis found no clear differences in patient morbidity between the different flap designs.

Key words:Impacted third molar, triangular flap, envelope flap, surgical flap, pain perception, trismus.

]]>
<![CDATA[Hyaluronic acid treatment outcome on the post-extraction wound healing in patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes: A randomized controlled split-mouth study]]> https://www.researchpad.co/product?articleinfo=Nabeeee02-336b-432e-ae9e-70d15d2cfe43

Background

Hyaluronic acid is widely used in the medical field. However, there is a lack of research about its effect on patients with certain risks, such as compromised wound healing commonly found in patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes. The aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy of hyaluronic acid on the post-extraction wound healing and pain in patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes.

Material and Methods

The randomized controlled split-mouth study was designed, which included 30 patients with poorly controlled type 2 diabetes with a bilaterally same teeth in the lower jaw for extraction. The sockets treated with 0.8% hyaluronic acid represented the study group, while the sockets where hyaluronic acid was not applied represented the control group. Wound closure rate (WCR), clinical scores in wound healing scale (WHS) and pain intensity in Visual analogue scale (VAS) were recorded. Patients were followed up on 5th, 10th, 15th, 20th, 25th day after tooth extraction.

Results

The results showed a higher WCR at the extraction site where hyaluronic acid was applied. Also, statistically significant difference was found (p< 0.001). In regards to WHS, the sockets treated with hyaluronic acid showed better healing, especially on day 10 (p=0.006) and day 15 (p=0.021). However, there were no statistically significant differences in VAS scores between groups.

Conclusions

Hyaluronic acid placed in post-extraction socket in patients with poorly controlled diabetes may improve wound healing, especially in the first days after application.

Key words:Hyaluronic acid, type 2 diabetes mellitus, post-extraction wound healing, wound closure measurement.

]]>
<![CDATA[Osteogenic parameters surrounding trabecular tantalum metal implants in osteotomies prepared via osseodensification drilling]]> https://www.researchpad.co/product?articleinfo=N6a5b645c-31af-4229-8f6a-541cd8a644a8

Background

Surgical fixation of implants into bone for the correction of bone deformities or defects is a traditional approach for skeletal stabilization. Important measures of efficacy of implants include implant stability and osseointegration—the direct interaction between living bone and an implant. Osseointegration depends on successful implant placement and subsequent bone remodeling. This study utilized osseodensification drilling (OD) in a low bone density model using trabecular metal (TM) implants.

Material and Methods

Three osteotomy sites, Regular, OD-CW (clockwise), and OD-CCW (counterclockwise), were prepared in each ilium of three female sheep. Drilling was performed at 1100rpm with saline irrigation. Trabecular metal (TM) (Zimmer®, Parsippany, NJ, USA) implants measuring 3.7mm in diameter x 10mm length were placed into respective osteotomies. A three-week period post-surgery was given to allow for healing to take place after which all three sheep were euthanized and the ilia were collected. Samples were prepared, qualitatively and quantitatively analyzed using histology micrographs and image analysis software (ImageJ, NIH, Bethesda, MD). Bone-to-implant contact (BIC) and bone area fraction occupancy (BAFO) were quantified to evaluate the osseointegration parameters.

Results

All implants exhibit successful bone formation in the peri-implant environment as well as within the open spaces of the trabecular network. Osseointegration within the TM (quantified by %BIC) as a function of drilling technique was more pronounced in OD samples(p>0.05). The %BAFO however shows a significant difference (p=0.036) between the CCW and R samples. Greater bone volume and frequency of bone chips are observed in OD samples.

Conclusions

The utilization of OD as a design for improved fixation of hardware was supported by increased levels of stability, both primary and secondary. Histological data with OD provided notably different results from those of the regular drilling method.

Key words:Osseodensification drilling, trabecular tantalum metal, osteotomies, implants, subtractive drilling.

]]>
<![CDATA[Efficacy of plasma rich in growth factor used for dry socket management: a systematic review]]> https://www.researchpad.co/product?articleinfo=N3610bf60-9f88-4f16-915a-d5ccb96ee476

Background

The main aim of this systematic review was to assess the dry socket management using plasma rich in growth factor (PRGF) in terms of pain relief, alveolar fossa healing, inflammation, the incidence of dry socket.

Material and Methods

PubMed, Cochrane Library, Elsevier Science Direct, China Biology Medicine (CBM), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) and VIP database were searched for the related articles without language limitation. Two reviewers independently searched and evaluated relevant studies. This review has been registered in the website PROSPERO (CRD42018087252).

Results

28 articles were retrieved on PubMed and 98 on other electronic databases in the initial search. In the end, 4 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included, with a total of 139 patients enrolled. The descriptive results indicated that the use of PRGF may help reduce pain and inflammation after tooth extraction. To some extent, it is beneficial to the management of dry socket after extraction.

Conclusions

Quality assessment indicated all the included studies were judged to be at high risk of bias with low quality. Hence, it was impossible to make a recommendation for clinical use of PRGF based on the current evidence. Clearly, a multicenter clinical randomized controlled trial is needed urgent to evaluate the safety and efficacy of PRGF for dry socket management.

Key words:plasma rich in growth factor, PRGF, dry socket, systematic review.

]]>
<![CDATA[Effect of preemptive dexamethasone and etoricoxib on postoperative period following impacted third molar surgery - a randomized clinical trial]]> https://www.researchpad.co/product?articleinfo=Nadcbbb58-d5aa-4c22-a8d8-f69bee9f28a1

Background

The aim of this study was to compare the anti-inflammatory effects of dexamethasone and etoricoxib after third molar extraction.

Material and Methods

A prospective, randomized, controlled, split-mouth study was conducted. 19 volunteers were allocated randomly to receive 90mg etoricoxib 1 hour prior to the procedure or 4mg intramuscular dexamethasone immediately after anesthesia. Baseline measurements were obtained preoperatively, and subsequent assessments were made on immediate postoperative, at 72 hours and 7 days after surgery to measure postoperative facial swelling by use of linear measurements, interincisal mouth opening width and visual analog scale score for pain. The amount of analgesics consumed was recorded. Descriptive statistics and the independent-samples t-test were used to compare the two groups at P < 0.05.

Results

Dexamethasone was effective in the control roasted edema for measurements of the mandibular angle - wing of the nose and mandibular angle - labial commissure 72 hours after surgery. And for the measurement mandibular angle - mentum, in the time of 72 hours and 7 days. There was no statistically significant difference in relation to pain and trismus.

Conclusions

Considering significant results for some measures of the variable edema for the group that used intramuscular dexamethasone and the difference without statistical significance between groups for the other variables studied, we seem to reflect the intramuscular indication of the corticosteroid in a single dosage in relation to the use of etoricoxib as pre-emptive medication.

Key words:Corticosteroids, COX-2 selective, third-molar surgery.

]]>
<![CDATA[Attitudes of dental implantologists in Spain to prescribing antibiotics, analgesics and anti-inflammatories in healthy patients]]> https://www.researchpad.co/product?articleinfo=Nd3d90333-09a8-498f-8ed2-a9cc09f96379

Background

The implantologists frequently prescribe antibiotics, analgesics and anti-inflammatories in dental implant surgery. The aims of this study were to evaluate the attitudes of implantologists in Murcia (Spain) to prescribing antibiotics, analgesics and anti-inflammatories in healthy patients during different implant dentistry procedures, and to see how these are influenced by individual dentist’s academic level, professional experience, and ongoing training (attending courses or reading scientific literature on medication use)

Material and Methods

This cross-sectional study included a total of 200 implantologists from the Murcia area (Spain), who each completed a two-page questionnaire consisting of 26 questions.

Results

The implant procedure in which most dentists (n=97) prescribed antibiotics was multiple implant surgery with flap raising, in which 55.6% of these 97 respondents used a prophylactic antibiotic regime for 7 days after implant placement. All subjects (n=200) prescribed analgesics for eight out of the eleven procedures included in the survey and anti-inflammatories in six. Dentists with higher academic levels or longer professional experience prescribed more antibiotics, but those who underwent continuous training (attending courses or reading scientific literature) reduced antibiotic prescription.

Conclusions

Dentists often prescribed antibiotics, analgesics and anti-inflammatories in almost all implant procedures in healthy patients, but ongoing training reduced the frequency of antibiotic prescription in some procedures.

Key words:Antibiotics, analgesics, anti-inflammatories, dental implant, oral surgery.

]]>
<![CDATA[Efficacy of proteolytic enzyme bromelain on health outcomes after third molar surgery. Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials]]> https://www.researchpad.co/product?articleinfo=5c5f1b7cd5eed0c48469b5b3

Background

Bromelain is a cysteine protease isolated from pineapple with a range of biological properties including platelet aggregation inhibition and anti-inflammatory effects. Recent studies have evaluated the clinical implications of bromelain in reducing postoperative inflammatory complications after third molar surgery, but the results are contrasting. This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluated the effects of bromelain on health outcomes in patients submitted to third molar surgery.

Material and Methods

The study was conducted following the PRISMA statement. Searches were conducted in six electronic databases and Google Scholar from inception to May 2018. The following elements were used to define eligibility criteria: (1) population: patients undergoing third molar surgery; (2) intervention and controls: bromelain vs placebo or no-treatment control group; (3) outcomes: quality of life, postoperative pain, rescue analgesic consumption, facial swelling, and trismus; and (4) study type: randomized clinical trials (RCTs). Treatment effects were defined as weighted (WMD) or standardized mean difference (SMD) and 95%CIs.

Results

Six RCTs were included in the meta-analysis. There was large effect size of bromelain on improving physical appearance (SMD -0.77, CI% 95 -1.11 to -0.42), social isolation (SMD -0.97, CI% 95 -1.74 to -0.21), and sleep quality (SMD -1.19, CI% 95 -1.97 to -0.40) during the first postoperative week. Differences in pain intensity were found during the first 24h (SMD -0.49, CI 95% -0.82 to -0.17) and 7 days after surgery (SMD -0.52, CI 95% -0.79 to -0.24). No evidence was found that bromelain was effective in reducing trismus and facial swelling.

Conclusions

The currently available evidence suggests that bromelain has a beneficial effect in reducing pain and has a positive impact on patient quality of life after third molar surgery. However, therapeutic advances for the use of bromelain need a high level of evidence and further head-to-head RCTs are needed to inform clinical choices.

Key words:Bromelain, third molar, oral surgical procedures.

]]>
<![CDATA[Use of autologous tooth-derived graft material in the post-extraction dental socket. Pilot study]]> https://www.researchpad.co/product?articleinfo=5c5f1b72d5eed0c48469b51f

Background

The objectives of the present pilot study are to compare via CBCT the alveolar contraction suffered both vertically and horizontally between the control group and the group using autologous dental material (ADM), as well as to study the densitometric differences between both post-extraction sockets.

Material and Methods

A split-mouth study was performed in n = 9 patients who required two extraction of single-rooted teeth deemed suitable for deferred rehabilitation with osseointegrated implants. Two groups were formed — a control group, in which the post-extraction socket was not filled, and an ADM group, in which the alveolar defect was filled with freshly processed autogenous dental material. Both dimensional and densitometric analyses of the alveoli were performed in both groups immediately after surgery (baseline), as well as 8 weeks and 16 weeks later.

Results

The mean height of alveolar bone loss was: VL (Control 1.77 mm, loss of 16.87% of initial alveolar height; ADM 0.42 mm, loss of 4.2% of initial alveolar height), HL-BCB (Control 2.22 mm, ADM 0.16 mm, p= 0.067 at 16 weeks). The mean bone loss of the vestibular width (VL-BCB) was much higher in the control group (1.91 mm at 1 mm, 1.3 mm at 3 mm, and 0.89 mm at 5 mm) than in the ADM group (0.46 mm at 1 mm, 0.21 mm at 3 mm, 0.01 at 5 mm, p=0.098 at 16 weeks). At 16 weeks, densitometric analysis of the coronal alveolar area revealed a bone density of 564.35 ± 288.73 HU in the control group and 922.68 ± 250.82 HU in the ADM group (p=0.045 ).

Conclusions

In light of these preliminary results, autologous dentine may be considered a promising material for use in socket preservation techniques.

Key words:Ridge preservation, dimensional height and width changes, post-extraction socket, tooth extraction, autogenous particulate dentine graft.

]]>
<![CDATA[Immediate or delayed retrieval of the displaced third molar: A review]]> https://www.researchpad.co/product?articleinfo=5c5f1b3ed5eed0c48469b319

Background

The displacement of a third molar is a rare occurrence, but it could lead to serious and/or life threatening complication. Aim of this review is to understand the most correlated causes of displacement and the possible solutions proposed in literature to avoid and solve this complication for maxillary and mandibular third molars at the appropriate time.

Material and Methods

A search for “third molar displacement” was performed by using Pubmed database. Articles referred to soft tissues displacement, from 1957 to 2018, were included in the review. The references lists of all eligible articles were examined and additional studies were added to the review only if indexed on Pubmed. All the articles on maxillary sinus displacement and the dislocation of dental fragments or surgical equipment were excluded.

Results

From a total of 134 results, 68 articles were examined for satisfying inclusion criteria. 18 articles were excluded because not inherent with the topic; 19 articles on infratemporal space, 11 on sublingual space, 9 on submandibular space, 11 on lateral pharyngeal space displacement were considered congruent for the review and included.

Conclusions

The displacement of the third molar in deeper tissues could be avoided by the use of proper surgical procedures and instrumentarium. If displacement occurs, and the operator could not reach the tooth in safe conditions, the patient should be immediately referred to a maxillo-facial surgeon, because of the possibility of further displacement or the onset of hazardous or potentially fatal infections in vital regions.

Key words:Third molar, wisdom tooth, maxillary, mandibular, displacement.

]]>
<![CDATA[Osteoradionecrosis of the jaws triggered by dental implants placement: A case report]]> https://www.researchpad.co/product?articleinfo=5c5f1b54d5eed0c48469b3d5

Background

The decision-making process about how to rehabilitate edentulous osseous defects in patients with head and neck cancer history can be complex. Even though, endosseous dental implants could be considered to be the first choice for treating these patients, it is highly important to be aware of the complications that might occur. The aim of this report was to describe the clinical features of mandibular fracture after dental implants placement on a cancer irradiated patient and update the available information about this event.

Case report

The case describes a 70-year-old man, with medical background of radiotherapy in jaw bones to treat a carcinoma in the floor of the mouth and later on in the soft palate and cheek. One week after dental implant surgery, the patient presented a mandibular osteoradionecrosis that healed in 8 months. A fracture on the right side of the body mandible was diagnosed one year after implant placement. Although several options were suggested in order to repair the fracture, the patient did not accept any further treatment despite the callus formation not being radiographically evident. The implant-supported prosthesis is functionally useful for more than 8 years of follow-up without significant problems.

Conclusions

The implant treatment and management of oncologic irradiated patients require special considerations due to the risk of osteoradionecrosis and its possible complications, such as pathologic fracture. It is necessary to provide full information to the patient about risk factors and complications.

Key words:Dental implants, mandibular fracture, osteoradionecrosis jaw, complications, fracture, cancer.

]]>
<![CDATA[Surgical management of ameloblastoma. Review of literature]]> https://www.researchpad.co/product?articleinfo=5c5f1b45d5eed0c48469b36e

Background

Ameloblastoma is an odontogenic tumor that represents 1% of all tumors in the oral cavity and it is clinically classified in three types. Currently, solid and multi-cystic are considered locally aggressive, with high recurrence rates with conservative treatment.

Material and Methods

Objective of the present review is to assess whether the surgical treatment should be conservative or radical. English articles published between 2009-2014, with available summary and in humans were included.

Results

241 articles were found, 188 were excluded because analyzing. 53 articles were analyzed and finally 14 were selected for this review.

Conclusions

The optimal surgical treatment of ameloblastoma should minimize recurrences, restore function and aesthetic and present a minimal morbidity in the donor area. Surgical planning must be performed based on the patient comorbidities, the size and location of the tumor, the techniques available for reconstruction and the surgeon’s experience-Radical surgery appears to be the most recommended option in multicystic / solid and advanced unicystic tumors, along with long-term follow-up for the possibility of recurrence beyond 10 year. Conservative surgery combined with a support technique and long-term follow-up is reserved for the unicystic and multicystic / solid types if small extension. Prospective and randomized studies for ameloblastoma are recommended.

Key words:Ameloblastoma, surgery, enucleation, radical.

]]>
<![CDATA[Antiplatelet therapy in patients undergoing oral surgery: A systematic review and meta-analysis]]> https://www.researchpad.co/product?articleinfo=5c5f1b76d5eed0c48469b54e

Background

The number of patients under antiplatelet therapy (APT) continues to raise as current recommendations foster this practice. Although some recommendations to manage this treatment during oral surgery procedures exist, these have methodological shortcomings that preclude them from being conclusive.

Material and Methods

A systematic review and meta-analysis of the best current evidence was carried out; The Cochrane Library, EMBASE and MEDLINE databases were searched for Randomized Controlled Trials (RCT) concerning patients undergoing oral surgery with APT, other relevant sources were searched manually.

Results

5 RCTs met the Inclusion criteria. No clear tendency was observed (RR= 0.97 CI 95%: 0,41–2,34; p=0,09; I2= 51%), moreover, they weren’t clinically significant.

Conclusions

According to these findings and as bleeding is a manageable complication it seems unreasonable to undermine the APT, putting the patient in danger of a thrombotic event and its high inherent morbidity, which isn’t comparable in severity and manageability to the former.”

Key words:Antiplatelet therapy, aspirin, oral surgery, platelet aggregation inhibitors, oral surgical procedures, systematic reviews.

]]>
<![CDATA[Analgesic efficacy of ketorolac associated with a tramadol/acetaminophen combination after third molar surgery - a randomized, triple-blind clinical trial]]> https://www.researchpad.co/product?articleinfo=5c5f1b7ad5eed0c48469b59f

Background

This study compared the efficacy of ketorolac alone versus its combination with tramadol/acetaminophen for pain control after mandibular third molar surgery.

Material and Methods

A randomized, triple-blind clinical trial was carried out with 52 patients divided into 2 groups: Group K+T+A (1 tablet of Ketorolac 10 mg plus and 1 capsule of Tramadol 37.5 mg/acetaminophen 325 mg) and Group K (1 tablet of Ketorolac 10 mg plus and 1 placebo capsule). The treatments were given 1 h before the surgery and was repeated 4 times per day, for 48 h. The difference in postoperative pain was assessed by 4 primary end-points: pain intensity (VAS 100mm, for 48 h), rescue medication, overall assessment and adverse effects.

Results

Significant differences in pain intensity were observed in the different times (p<0.05). The comparison of groups in each time showed significant differences only of 9 h, with lower level of pain intensity for group K+T+A (p = 0.005). The need of analgesics was higher in Group K (p<0.001), the need of antiemetic were greater in Group K+T+A (p<0.0001). No significant difference between groups were observed in overall assessment. The adverse effects was higher in Group K+T+A.

Conclusions

The current study showed that both ketorolac and the combination of ketorolac plus tramadol/acetaminophen showed good control of pain after the extraction of the lower third molars. Although the combination group showed lower pain at 9 h, the difference is small and not clinically relevant.

Key words:Ketorolac, molar, third, surgery, oral, Tramadol, Acetaminophen.

]]>
<![CDATA[Alveolar distraction osteogenesis for dental implant treatments of the vertical bone atrophy: A systematic review]]> https://www.researchpad.co/product?articleinfo=5c5f1b74d5eed0c48469b53d

Background

To determine if alveolar vertical distraction osteogenesis obtains better results compared to other bone regeneration treatments (guided bone regeneration with membranes and / or filling material, or autogenous bone graft) in terms of bone gain, complications, and implant survival and success rates.

Material and Methods

An electronic search was performed in Pubmed (MEDLINE), Cochrane Library and Scopus databases in March 2017. Besides, a manual search was carried out. Inclusion criteria were randomized controlled trials published within the last 10 years with at least 1 year of follow-up after implant placement. No language restriction was applied. Exclusion criteria were studies in patients with bone defects produced by trauma, congenital malformation or oncologic surgical treatment. The methodological quality of the selected studies was evaluated by means of the Cochrane Collaboration’s Tool for assessing risk of bias. The reports were classified into different levels of recommendation according to the “Strength of Recommendation Taxonomy “.

Results

Out of 221 articles, two randomized controlled trials were finally selected for the inclusion in the systematic review. Bone gain and complications were higher with the alveolar vertical distraction osteogenesis compared to the autologous bone graft. There was higher bone resorption with the autologous bone graft. Implant survival and success rates were similar between studies, despite of the used technique.

Conclusions

Both alveolar distraction osteogenesis and autogenous bone graft are effective bone regeneration techniques for the treatment of mandibular vertical bone atrophy. A level B recommendation can be established for the use of alveolar vertical distraction osteogenesis for the treatment of the mandibular vertical bone atrophy.

Key words:Distraction osteogenesis, alveolar ridge augmentation, alveolar bone loss.

]]>
<![CDATA[The effectiveness of decompression as initial treatment for jaw cysts: A 10-year retrospective study]]> https://www.researchpad.co/product?articleinfo=5c5f1b78d5eed0c48469b56b

Background

Decompression is an approved alternative to cystectomy in the treatment of jaw cysts. This study aimed to evaluate its effectiveness as an initial procedure, as well as factors with potential to influence outcome.

Material and Methods

The frequency of decompression was analysed, whether completed in one session or followed by enucleation at the Division of Oral Surgery and Orthodontics, Department of Dental Medicine and Oral Health, Medical University of Graz, from 2005 to 2015. Further analysis focussed on factors potentially influencing outcome: cyst location, histopathology, means of preserving the cyst opening, cyst size, patient age.

Results

In all, 53 patients with 55 jaw cysts (mean age of 35.1) were treated by initial decompression in the ten-year period. In the majority of cases, histopathological analysis revealed a follicular cyst (43.6%), followed by odontogenic keratocysts (23.7%), radicular cysts (21.8%), residual cysts (7.3%) and nasopalatine cysts (3.6%) Treatment was completed with a single decompression in 45.5% of the cases. Among those, 72.0% were follicular cysts and 8.0% odontogenic keratocysts. Subsequent enucleation was needed in 54.5% of all cases, with a majority in the keratocystic group (36.7%). Histological findings, means of keeping the cyst open, and patient age were found to influence the effectiveness of decompression.

Conclusions

Decompression could be performed as a procedure completed in one session or combined with subsequent enucleation, mainly dependent on histopathological findings. Subsequent enucleation of odontogenic keratocysts is highly recommended.

Key words:Jaw cysts, decompression, enucleation, histopathology, obturator.

]]>
<![CDATA[Hemodynamic variations and anxiety during the surgical extraction of impacted lower third molars]]> https://www.researchpad.co/product?articleinfo=5c5f1b42d5eed0c48469b351

Background

The surgical removal of an impacted third molar can cause patient anxiety. Such anxiety and the use of vasoconstrictor drugs and local anesthetics in turn can induce hemodynamic variations during the operation. A study is made of the variations in hemodynamic parameters (systolic and diastolic blood pressure and heart rate) and their correlation to patient gender and anxiety during surgical removal of an impacted lower third molar.

Material and Methods

A prospective study was carried out in the Oral Surgery Unit of a university clinic, with the inclusion of 125 patients (mean age 24.9 years). Anesthesia was administered in the form of 4% articaine and adrenalin 1:200,000 for surgical removal of the impacted lower third molars.

Results

Women experienced greater anxiety than men. Systolic blood pressure showed few changes – the maximum and minimum values being recorded at the time of incision and upon suturing, respectively. Diastolic blood pressure in turn showed maximum and minimum values before the start of surgery and during extraction, respectively, while heart rate proved maximum during incision and minimum upon suturing. The differences in systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and heart rate, between men and women, and between patients with and without anxiety, failed to reach statistical significance.

Conclusions

The fact that these were young patients could contribute to explain the absence of significant hemodynamic changes in our study.

Key words:Anxiety, third molars, extraction, surgery.

]]>
<![CDATA[Comparison of digital protocols for the measurement of peri-implant marginal bone loss]]> https://www.researchpad.co/product?articleinfo=5c5f1b35d5eed0c48469b2d8

Background

The measurement of peri-implant marginal bone loss is currently carried out using digital methods of radiographic analysis assisted by various types of software. The purpose of this study was to compare the characteristics of three different softwares: specific radiology software for the development and visualization of radiological images in DICOM format (3Dicom Viewer®), advanced level software for professional editing of bitmap images (or raster graphics) (Adobe Photoshop®), and mid-level software for processing bitmap-type images, programmed in Java and in the public domain (ImageJ®).

Material and Methods

It was verified that the three softwares used are valid for the measurement of peri-implant marginal bone loss provided that the appropriate protocol is fulfilled.

Results

The results showed no significant differences between Adobe Photoshop® and ImageJ® with respect to 3Dicom Viewer® in the measurements of mesial and distal bone loss of the implants, without influence of the dental sector where they were located.

Conclusions

The measurements made with ImageJ® looked more like those of the control software (3Dicom Viewer®) than those of Adobe Photoshop®, but with a greater degree of dispersion. Thus, Adobe Photoshop® is a slightly inaccurate method but with less dispersion.

Key words:Digital measurement, measurement software, peri-implant marginal bone loss, implants.

]]>