ResearchPad - Small Animals https://www.researchpad.co Default RSS Feed en-us © 2020 Newgen KnowledgeWorks <![CDATA[Activity painting: PET images of freely defined activity distributions applying a novel phantom technique]]> https://www.researchpad.co/product?articleinfo=5c57e684d5eed0c484ef3523

The aim of this work was to develop a novel phantom that supports the construction of highly reproducible phantoms with arbitrary activity distributions for PET imaging. It could offer a methodology for answering questions related to texture measurements in PET imaging. The basic idea is to move a point source on a 3-D trajectory in the field of view, while continuously acquiring data. The reconstruction results in a 3-D activity concentration map according to the pathway of the point source. A 22Na calibration point source was attached to a high precision robotic arm system, where the 3-D movement was software controlled. 3-D activity distributions of a homogeneous cube, a sphere, a spherical shell and a heart shape were simulated. These distributions were used to measure uniformity and to characterize reproducibility. Two potential applications using the lesion simulation method are presented: evaluation in changes of textural properties related to the position in the PET field of view; scanner comparison based on visual and quantitative evaluation of texture features. A lesion with volume of 50x50x50 mm3 can be simulated during approximately 1 hour. The reproducibility of the movement was found to be >99%. The coefficients of variation of the voxels within a simulated homogeneous cube was 2.34%. Based on 5 consecutive and independent measurements of a 36 mm diameter hot sphere, the coefficient of variation of the mean activity concentration was 0.68%. We obtained up to 18% differences within the values of investigated textural indexes, when measuring a lesion in different radial positions of the PET field of view. In comparison of two different human PET scanners the percentage differences between heterogeneity parameters were in the range of 5–55%. After harmonizing the voxel sizes this range reduced to 2–16%. The general activity distributions provided by the two different vendor show high similarity visually. For the demonstration of the flexibility of this method, the same pattern was also simulated on a small animal PET scanner giving similar results, both quantitatively and visually. 3-D motion of a point source in the PET field of view is capable to create an irregular shaped activity distribution with high reproducibility.

]]>
<![CDATA[Genomic RNA sequence of feline coronavirus strain FCoV C1Je]]> https://www.researchpad.co/product?articleinfo=5b7f5176463d7e76bfd5f3ae

This paper reports the first genomic RNA sequence of a field strain feline coronavirus (FCoV). Viral RNA was isolated at post mortem from the jejunum and liver of a cat with feline infectious peritonitis (FIP). A consensus sequence of the jejunum-derived genomic RNA (FCoV C1Je) was determined from overlapping cDNA fragments produced by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) amplification. RT-PCR products were sequenced by a reiterative sequencing strategy and the genomic RNA termini were determined using a rapid amplification of cDNA ends PCR strategy. The FCoV C1Je genome was found to be 29,255 nucleotides in length, excluding the poly(A) tail. Comparison of the FCoV C1Je genomic RNA sequence with that of the laboratory strain FCoV FIP virus (FIPV) 79-1146 showed that both viruses have a similar genome organisation and predictions made for the open reading frames and cis-acting elements of the FIPV 79-1146 genome hold true for FCoV C1Je. In addition, the sequence of the 3′-proximal third of the liver derived genomic RNA (FCoV C1Li), which encompasses the structural and accessory protein genes of the virus, was also determined. Comparisons of the enteric (jejunum) and non-enteric (liver) derived viral RNA sequences revealed 100% nucleotide identity, a finding that questions the well accepted ‘internal mutation theory’ of FIPV pathogenicity.

]]>