ResearchPad - academicsubjects-med00730 https://www.researchpad.co Default RSS Feed en-us © 2020 Newgen KnowledgeWorks <![CDATA[Deficiency of TGR5 exacerbates immune-mediated cholestatic hepatic injury by stabilizing the β-catenin destruction complex]]> https://www.researchpad.co/article/elastic_article_7210 Intrahepatic cholestasis induced by drug toxicity may cause cholestatic hepatic injury (CHI) leading to liver fibrosis and cirrhosis. The G protein-coupled bile acid receptor 1 (TGR5) is a membrane receptor with well-known roles in the regulation of glucose metabolism and energy homeostasis. However, the role and mechanism of TGR5 in the context of inflammation during CHI remains unclear. Wild-type (WT) and TGR5 knockout (TGR5−/−) mice with CHI induced by bile duct ligation (BDL) were involved in vivo, and WT and TGR5−/− bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) were used in vitro. TGR5 deficiency significantly exacerbated BDL-induced liver injury, inflammatory responses and hepatic fibrosis compared with WT mice in vivo. TGR5−/− macrophages were more susceptible to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation than WT macrophages. TGR5 activation by its ligand suppressed LPS-induced pro-inflammatory responses in WT but not TGR5−/− BMDMs. Notably, expression of β-catenin was effectively inhibited by TGR5 deficiency. Furthermore, TGR5 directly interacted with Gsk3β to repress the interaction between Gsk3β and β-catenin, thus disrupting the β-catenin destruction complex. The pro-inflammatory nature of TGR5-knockout was almost abolished by lentivirus-mediated β-catenin overexpression in BMDMs. BMDM migration in vitro was accelerated under TGR5-deficient conditions or supernatant from LPS-stimulated TGR5−/− BMDMs. From a therapeutic perspective, TGR5−/− BMDM administration aggravated BDL-induced CHI, which was effectively rescued by β-catenin overexpression. Our findings reveal that TGR5 plays a crucial role as a novel regulator of immune-mediated CHI by destabilizing the β-catenin destruction complex, with therapeutic implications for the management of human CHI.

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