ResearchPad - academicsubjects-med00910 https://www.researchpad.co Default RSS Feed en-us © 2020 Newgen KnowledgeWorks <![CDATA[Missed opportunity of deworming a Maasai boy from nomadic family leading to life threatening intestinal obstruction]]> https://www.researchpad.co/article/elastic_article_16173 Mass deworming against soil-transmitted helminthiasis, including Ascaris lumbricoides (AL), is one of the largest public health interventions in low- and middle-income countries. The prevalence of A. lumbricoides in Tanzania is 6.8%. We present a 3-year-old male of a known Tanzanian nomadic tribe (Masaai tribe) with history of missed deworming, who was brought to the emergency department with a 3-day history of constipation, nonprojectile, bilious vomiting, generalized abdominal distension and pain.He was diagnosed with intestinal obstruction by the use of a plain abdominal X-ray, which revealed marked gaseous distension of the stomach and bowels without significant air-fluid levels. He was initially treated with intravenous ceftriaxone 50 mg/kg, metronidazole 15 mg/kg and acetaminophen 15 mg/kg. An explorative laparotomy was then performed. Intraoperative findings demonstrated a dense collection of A. lumbricoides worms in the gangrenous proximal jejunum and duodenum. Thorough abdominal lavage was carried out and abdomen was closed. ]]> <![CDATA[Revisiting the value of the ‘bandoneon’ flap for lower lip reconstruction: a report of two cases and outcome]]> https://www.researchpad.co/article/elastic_article_12651 Mild- to moderate-sized lip defects that affect one- to two-thirds of the total lip length often require that utilization of local soft tissue rearrangement in order to re-establish lip anatomy, function and esthetics. The use of local flaps in lip reconstruction often follows oncologic resection of common skin malignancies including basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. When considering the types of flaps to use for lip defects of one- to two-third total length, a variety of flaps designs have been described, each with its benefits in drawbacks. In this article, we reintroduce the use and value of the bilateral mucomyocutaneous ‘bandoneon’ flaps for lower lip reconstruction in two of our patients. When compared with other flap designs, it can be used as a single-stage procedure with a very good esthetic outcome, minimal to no microstomia and preservation of lip competence and sensory function.

]]>
<![CDATA[The effects of knee arthroplasty on plasma vitamin C concentrations and cognitive function: a case study]]> https://www.researchpad.co/article/elastic_article_12648 Post-operative neurocognitive disorders are becoming well-documented conditions, with their pathogenesis remaining unclear. Vitamin C is a molecule that has recently demonstrated both a potential link with cognitive function and a significant post-operative decline. Here, we present a case study of a 72-year-old male who underwent total knee replacement surgery. The patient demonstrated a substantial decline in plasma vitamin C concentrations, indicative of a severe deficiency, during the first post-operative week (post-operative Days 3 and 7). Similarly, at these time points, a number of validated paper and pen tests revealed a substantial decline in cognition on tasks relating to total recall, delayed recall, motor speed, recognition and motor speed, with no signs of delirium. These results provide the justification for larger, cohort studies to determine whether post-operative plasma vitamin C depletions could contribute to cognitive deficits post-operatively.

]]>
<![CDATA[Pelvic angiomyofibroblastoma: an unusual case report]]> https://www.researchpad.co/article/elastic_article_12645 Angiomyofibroblastoma is a rare mesenchymal benign tumor that frequently occurs in young- to middle-aged women, arising from the genital tract. There are many overlapping radiological and immunohistochemical features with other stromal cell lesions, making the diagnosis difficult. We report here a case of a 29-year-old woman admitted for a pelvic mass, in whom, the histopathological and immunohistochemical studies led to the diagnosis of angiomyofibroblastoma.

]]>
<![CDATA[Ingestion of razor blades, a rare event: a case report in a psychiatric patient]]> https://www.researchpad.co/article/elastic_article_12643 Foreign body ingestion is a common condition in clinical practice, thankfully most of the cases do not require any surgery as most foreign bodies can pass through the bowel without injuring it. Treatment depends on the size and kind of foreign bodies. When complications arise, patients may require urgent medical attention. Self-harm by sharp foreign body ingestion is a rare event that must always be promptly treated and should always be prevented. Psychiatric patients and inmates are the most affected population. A high index of suspicion is required to treat this rare condition, which may be preventable if there is adequate mental and medical therapy along with close monitoring and family support. We present the case of a 31-year-old psychiatric patient. After prompt treatment, two razor blades were surgically removed from her intestines. She fully recovered and is doing well on follow-up controls.

]]>