ResearchPad - endocrine-hypertension-and-aldosterone-excess-ii https://www.researchpad.co Default RSS Feed en-us © 2020 Newgen KnowledgeWorks <![CDATA[SUN-LB96 Basal Contralateral Aldosterone Suppression Is Rare in Lateralized Primary Aldosteronism and Can Be Useful in Predicting Surgical Outcome]]> https://www.researchpad.co/article/elastic_article_9554 Background: Adrenal venous sampling (AVS) is performed to distinguish between unilateral or bilateral source of aldosterone in primary aldosteronism (PA). Unilateral aldosteronomas should lead to suppression of renin and contralateral (CL) aldosterone secretion, assessed by the CL suppression ratio. We recently found that CL aldosterone suppression was relatively rare using the ratio of basal aldosterone concentration of the opposite adrenal vein/periphery (AOPP/AP) in contrast to the traditional cortisol-corrected aldosterone ratio ((A/C)OPP(A/C)P). Pathology studies showed frequent zona glomerulosa (ZG) hyperplasia adjacent to a dominant aldosteronoma, which could also indicate probable ZG hyperplasia in the CL adrenal. The ratio of basal CL suppression could be a usefull parameter to predict cure following unilateral adrenalectomy (UA), but controversy remains in the literature.

Objectives:

1. To evaluate the prevalence of basal CL suppression using the AOPP/AP ratio as compared to the (A/C)OPP/(A/C)P ratio at previously established cut-offs.

2. To determine the best cut-off to predict clinical and biochemical surgical cure in two Canadian referral centers.

3. To compare the accuracy of the AOPP/AP ratio to the basal lateralization ratio (LR) and the post-ACTH LR in predicting the surgical outcome.

Methods: 330 patients with PA and successful bilateral simultaneous basal and post-ACTH stimulated AVS (selectivity index >2 basally and >5 post-ACTH) were included; 124 patients found to be lateralized underwent UA. The follow-up data were evaluated for clinical and biochemical cure at 3 and 12 months using the PASO criteria.

Results: Using AOPP/AP and (A/C)OPP/(A/C)P at the cut-off of 1, the prevalence of CL suppression is 6% and 45%, respectively. The median CL suppression ratio is 2.3 (1.3-5.1) in lateralized cases of PA using AOPP/AP. Using ROC curves, the AOPP/AP ratio is associated with clinical cure at 3 and 12 months and biochemical cure at 12 months. (A/C)OPP/(A/C)P is associated with biochemical cure only. The cut-offs for AOPP/AP offering the best sensitivity and specificity for clinical and biochemical cures at 12 months are 2.15 (Se 63% and Sp 71%) and 6.15 (Se 84% and Sp 77%), respectively. Basal LR and post-ACTH LR are associated with clinical cure but only the post-ACTH LR is associated with biochemical cure.

Conclusions: Basal CL suppression defined by the AOPP/AP ratio is rare and incomplete compared to the traditional (A/C)OPP/(A/C)P ratio in lateralized cases of PA. This may reflect the frequent micronodular hyperplasia adjacent to dominant aldosteronomas and possibly in the CL adrenal. Basal CL aldosterone suppression may predict clinical postoperative outcome, but with modest accuracy.

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<![CDATA[SUN-LB94 Impact of the Gut Microbiome and Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System in Hypertensive Patients With Low-Salt Intake]]> https://www.researchpad.co/article/elastic_article_5954 Salt intake is one of most important environmental factors responsible for triggering the onset of hypertension. Renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) plays a key role in adjusting sodium homeostasis and blood pressure. Recently, the potential role of the gut microbiome (GM) in altering the health of the host has drawn considerable attention. We investigated the impact of intestinal microflora and RAAS in hypertensive patients with low-salt or high-salt intake using an observational study.

A total of 239 participants were enrolled and their GMs and clinical backgrounds examined, including the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system and inflammatory cytokine levels. On the basis of enterotypes—determined by cluster analysis—and salt intake, the participants were classified into four groups, low salt/GM enterotype 1, low salt/GM enterotype 2, high salt/GM enterotype 1, and high salt/GM enterotype 2.

The prevalence of hypertension was significantly lower in the low-salt intake (low salt/GM enterotype 1 = 47% vs low salt/GM enterotype 2 = 27%, p = 0.04) groups. No significant difference in the prevalence of hypertension was observed for the two GM enterotype groups with high-salt intake (GM enterotype 1 = 50%, GM enterotype 2 = 47%; p = 0.83). Plasma aldosterone concentration was significantly different among the four groups (p < 0.01). Furthermore, the relative abundance of Blautia, Bifidobacterium, Escherichia-Shigella, Lachnoclostridium, and Clostridium sensu stricto was also significantly different among these enterotypes. This suggested in certain individuals (with specific gut bacteria composition) changing dietary habits—to low salt—would be ineffective for regulating hypertension through RAAS. Our findings provide a new strategy for controlling blood pressure and preventing the development of hypertension through restoring GM homeostasis.

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<![CDATA[SUN-LB92 The Importance of Early Diagnosis and Treatment of Primary Aldosteronism on the Progression of Chronic Kidney Disease, Compared With Essential Hypertension: A Retrospective Cohort Study]]> https://www.researchpad.co/article/Nd025ebdc-f02d-46e0-9a3a-3889c8c519d7 Introduction: Primary aldosteronism(PA) has few clinical phenotypes and features, compared with other endocrine hypertension(HTN). Even though hypokalemia is a typical sign of PA, most of PA reveals normal potassium concentration. For that reason, PA is likely to undetected and underestimated and it may account for larger proportion of total HTN than we expected. However, it has known that PA has higher risk of renal complications than essential hypertension(EH) and has been controversy which treatment between medication and operation is better for renal protection of PA. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medial records of patients with PA and EH of a single medical center from January, 2009 to December, 2019. PA patients were divided into medical and surgical treatment groups. EH patients were distinguished from one that satisfied with case detection test, called non-confirmed PA. We excluded cases with other secondary HTN and baseline eGFR < 60 mL/min/1.73m2. Results: Patients with PA(N=66) and patients with EH(N=514) were selected for analysis. Each baseline mean eGFR of patients with PA and EH indicated 91.2 ± 74.5 and 87.1 ± 19.7 mL/min/1.73m2 and statistically insignificant differences(P = 0.1688) as well as baseline SBP(P = 0.5403) and DBP(P = 0.8691). However, in spite of treatment of PA and controlled BP, mean eGFR of PA patients was lower than one of EH patients and its difference was statistically significant showing 66.5 ± 14.2 and 94.6 ± 195.9 mL/min/1.73m2 (P < .0001) at 2~ 5 years, 52.4 ± 17.9 and 77.6 ± 20.6 mL/min/1.73m2 (P < 0.0004) at 6~10 years. Baseline mean eGFR of PA with normokalemia and hypokalemia respectively were 77.7 ± 11.6 and 98.9 ± 92.5 mL/min/1.73m2 (P = 0.0269). Baseline mean eGFR of non-confirmed PA and EH were 82.5 ± 13.2 and 88.4 ± 21.1 mL/min/1.73m2 (P = 0.0240). Although baseline mean eGFR of PA with surgical treatment was better than one with medical treatment, it was reversal after 2~5 years indicating mean eGFR of PA patients treated with operation, 62.9 ± 16.1 mL/min/1.73m2 and one treated with spironolactone, 70.5 ± 12.6 mL/min/1.73m2 (P = 0.0010). Conclusions: This study support PA has worse effects on renal function than EH. PA is frequently unsuspected and undiagnosed because it hardly shows symptoms and signs. Many cases do not reveal main characteristics such as uncontrolled HTN and hypokalemia, so that patients with PA maybe have longstanding exposure to risk of CKD. Therefore it is necessary to do case detection test and rule out PA in initial hypertensive patients. In addition, more longitudinal study and research should be performed to decide personalized and adequate treatments for PA patients. ]]> <![CDATA[SUN-LB97 Targeted Metabolomics as a Screening Tool in the Diagnosis of Endocrine Hypertension]]> https://www.researchpad.co/article/N00f356dc-3646-4a95-ade2-abf47eac1a12 <![CDATA[SUN-LB95 Developing a Highly Equivalent Non-Competitive Chemiluminescence Immunoassay Aldosterone Measurement to LC/MS]]> https://www.researchpad.co/article/Ne25cbf84-c49f-4205-81c6-d816e4734e30 <![CDATA[SUN-LB93 Mineralocorticoid Receptor Mediates Sex-Dependent Anticontractile Effect of Perivascular Adipose Tissue in Obese Mice]]> https://www.researchpad.co/article/N19431e71-0f77-47b1-8460-680f9d8a59e8 <![CDATA[SUN-LB91 The Arg16/Gln27 Polymorphism of the Beta2-Adrenergic Receptor Impacts Blood Pressure Levels in a Transgenic Mouse Model via Sex-Specific Mechanisms]]> https://www.researchpad.co/article/N28734959-1a86-45ee-ae69-03a35bc1ae59 <![CDATA[SUN-LB98 RAAS Triple-A Analysis for the Screening of Primary Aldosteronism]]> https://www.researchpad.co/article/N8da4243e-31ce-4a71-b342-2b2c251b5ce4