ResearchPad - how-socioeconomic-status-affects-patients’-perception-of-healthcare https://www.researchpad.co Default RSS Feed en-us © 2020 Newgen KnowledgeWorks <![CDATA[Associations Between Patients’ Unmet Social Needs and Self-Reported Health Confidence at One Primary Care Clinic]]> https://www.researchpad.co/article/elastic_article_14066 Social determinants of health affect a person’s health at least as much as their interactions with the healthcare system. Increased patient activation and self-efficacy are associated with decreased cost and improved quality. Patient-reported health confidence has been proposed as a more easily measured proxy for self-efficacy. Evaluation of the association between unmet social needs and health confidence is limited. Our objective was to identify and address our patients’ unmet social needs and assess health confidence levels. From November 2017 through July 2018 we screened 2018 patients of an urban academic family medicine residency practice for unmet social needs, measured their health confidence, and made referrals to community resources if desired. Patients reporting the presence of any social need reported lower health confidence scores on average than those with no needs (8.49 vs 9.30, median 9 vs 10, Wilcoxon test P < .001). Low health confidence scores (<7) were strongly associated with number of needs (P < .001) after adjusting for age, gender, race, ethnicity, payer, and visit type (1 vs 0 needs, odds ratio [OR] = 2.566, 95% CI 1.546-4.259; 2 or more vs 0 needs, OR = 6.201, 95% CI 4.022-9.561). Results of this quality improvement project suggest that patients with unmet social needs may have decreased perceived ability to manage health problems. Further study is needed to determine if this finding is generalizable, and if interventions addressing unmet social needs can increase health confidence.

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