ResearchPad - obesity-(km-gadde-and-p-singh-section-editors) Default RSS Feed en-us © 2020 Newgen KnowledgeWorks <![CDATA[Gastrointestinal Peptides as Therapeutic Targets to Mitigate Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome]]> Obesity affects over than 600 million adults worldwide resulting in multi-organ complications and major socioeconomic impact. The purpose of this review is to summarise the physiological effects as well as the therapeutic implications of the gut hormones glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), oxyntomodulin, peptide YY (PYY), and glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide (GIP) in the treatment of obesity and type 2 diabetes.Recent FindingsClinical trials have proven that the widely used GLP-1 analogues have pleotropic effects beyond those on weight and glucose metabolism and appear to confer favourable cardiovascular and renal outcomes. However, GLP-1 analogues alone do not deliver sufficient efficacy for the treatment of obesity, being limited by their dose-dependent gastrointestinal side effects. Novel dual agonists for GLP-1/glucagon and GLP-1/GIP are being developed by the pharmaceutical industry and have demonstrated some promising results for weight loss and improvement in glycaemia over and above GLP-1 analogues. Triagonists (for example GLP-1/GIP/glucagon) are currently in pre-clinical or early clinical development.SummaryGastrointestinal hormones possess complementary effects on appetite, energy expenditure, and glucose metabolism. We highlight the idea that combinations of these hormones may represent the way forward in obesity and diabetes therapeutics. ]]>