ResearchPad - picric-acid https://www.researchpad.co Default RSS Feed en-us © 2020 Newgen KnowledgeWorks <![CDATA[Serological evidence for human exposure to <i>Bacillus cereus</i> biovar <i>anthracis</i> in the villages around Taï National Park, Côte d’Ivoire]]> https://www.researchpad.co/article/elastic_article_14539 Anthrax is a zoonotic disease transmitted from animals to humans and normally caused by B. anthracis mainly in savanna regions. However, untypical bacteria named Bacillus cereus biovar anthracis (Bcbva) were detected in a variety of wild animals in the rain forest region of the Taï National Park (TNP) in Côte d’Ivoire. No anthrax infections in humans living in the region around TNP were reported until now. Therefore, we assessed exposure to the pathogen by analysis of sera from human volunteers for the presence of antibodies against the protective antigen (PA), which is produced by B. anthracis and Bcbva, and against the Bcbva-specific protein pXO2-60. We found antibodies against PA in more than 20% of sera from humans living in the TNP region, and around 10% possessed also antibodies against pXO2-60, confirming exposure to Bcbva. As only Bcbva, but not classic B. anthracis was found in TNP, we assume that the majority of humans had contact with Bcbva and that pXO2-60 is less immunogenic than PA. Although most people reported animal contacts, there was no statistically significant correlation with the presence of antibodies against Bcbva. Nevertheless, our study confirmed that Bcbva represents a danger for humans living in the affected area.

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<![CDATA[Development of a homogenous high-throughput assay for inositol hexakisphosphate kinase 1 activity]]> https://www.researchpad.co/article/5ab4ad16463d7e02e5992c75

Inositol pyrophosphates have been implicated in a wide range of cellular processes. Inositol hexakisphosphate kinase 1 catalyzes the pyrophosphorylation of inositol hexakisphosphate into inositol 5-diphospho-1,2,3,4,6-pentakisphosphate which is important in numerous areas of cell physiology such as DNA repair and glucose homeostasis. Furthermore, inositol 5-diphospho-1,2,3,4,6-pentakisphosphate is implicated in the pathology of diabetes and other human diseases. As such there is a demonstrated need in the field for a robust chemical probe to better understand the role of inositol hexakisphosphate kinase 1 and inositol pyrophosphate in physiology and disease. To aid in this effort we developed a homogenous coupled bioluminescence assay for measuring inositol hexakisphosphate kinase 1 activity in a 384-well format (Z’ = 0.62±0.05). Using this assay we were able to confirm the activity of a known inositol hexakisphosphate kinase 1 inhibitor N2-(m-trifluorobenzyl), N6-(p-nitrobenzyl)purine. We also screened the Sigma library of pharmacologically active compounds at 10μM concentration and found 24 hits. Two of the most potent compounds were found to have an IC50 less than 5μM. The use of this high-throughput assay will accelerate the field towards the discovery of a potent inositol hexakisphosphate kinase 1 inhibitor.

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