ResearchPad - trial-designs https://www.researchpad.co Default RSS Feed en-us © 2020 Newgen KnowledgeWorks <![CDATA[Beta‐blockers withdrawal in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction and chronotropic incompetence: Effect on functional capacity rationale and study design of a prospective, randomized, controlled trial (The Preserve‐HR trial)]]> https://www.researchpad.co/article/elastic_article_15255 The pathophysiology of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) is complex and multifactorial. Chronotropic incompetence (ChI) has emerged as a crucial pathophysiological mechanism. Beta‐blockers, drugs with negative chronotropic effects, are commonly used in HFpEF, although current evidence does not support its routine use in these patients.HypothesisWe postulate beta‐blockers may have deleterious effects in HFpEF and ChI. This work aims to evaluate the short‐term effect of beta‐blockers withdrawal on functional capacity assessed by the maximal oxygen uptake (peakVO2) in patients with HFpEF and ChI.MethodsThis is a prospective, crossover, randomized (1:1) and multicenter study. After randomization, the clinical and cardiac rhythm will be continuously registered for 30 days. PeakVO2 is assessed by cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) at 15 and 30 days in both groups. Secondary endpoints include quality of life, cognitive, and safety assessment. Patients with stable HFpEF, functional class New York Heart Association (NYHA) II‐III, chronic treatment with beta‐blockers, and ChI will be enrolled. A sample size estimation [alfa: 0.05, power: 90%, a 20% loss rate, and delta change of mean peakVO2: +1.2 mL/kg/min (SD ± 2.0)] of 52 patients is necessary to test our hypothesis.ResultsPatients started enrolling in October 2018. As January 14th, 2020, 28 patients have been enrolled. It is projected to enroll the last patient at the end of July 2020.ConclusionsOptimizing therapy that improves functional capacity remains an unmeet priority in HFpEF. Deprescribing beta‐blockers in patients with HFpEF and ChI seems a plausible intervention to improve functional capacity. This trial is an attempt towards precision medicine in this complex syndrome.Trial registration http://clinicaltrials.gov: NCT03871803. ]]> <![CDATA[Design of the SILICOFCM study: Effect of sacubitril/valsartan vs lifestyle intervention on functional capacity in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy]]> https://www.researchpad.co/article/elastic_article_15254 Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is the most common genetic cardiovascular disease with a broad spectrum of disease severity. HCM ranges from a benign course to a progressive disorder characterized by angina, heart failure, malignant arrhythmia, syncope, or sudden cardiac death. So far, no medical treatment has reliably shown to halt or reverse progression of HCM or to alleviate its symptoms. While the angiotensin receptor neprilysin inhibitor sacubitril/valsartan has shown to reduce mortality and hospitalization in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction, data on its effect on HCM are sparse.HypothesisA 4‐month pharmacological (sacubitril/valsartan) or lifestyle intervention will significantly improve exercise tolerance (ie, peak oxygen consumption) in patients with nonobstructive HCM compared to the optimal standard therapy (control group).MethodsSILICOFCM is a prospective, multicenter, open‐label, randomized, controlled, three‐arm clinical trial (NCT03832660) that will recruit 240 adult patients with a confirmed diagnosis of nonobstructive HCM. Eligible patients are randomized to sacubitril/valsartan, lifestyle intervention (physical activity and dietary supplementation with inorganic nitrate), or optimal standard therapy alone (control group). The primary endpoint is the change in functional capacity (ie, peak oxygen consumption). Secondary endpoints include: (a) Change in cardiac structure and function as assessed by transthoracic echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance (MRI imaging), (b) change in biomarkers (ie, CK, CKMB, and NT‐proBNP), (c) physical activity, and (d) quality of life.ResultsUntil December 2019, a total of 41 patients were recruited into the ongoing SILICOFCM study and were allocated to the study groups and the control group. There was no significant difference in key baseline characteristics between the three groups.ConclusionThe SILICOFCM study will provide novel evidence about the effect of sacubitril/valsartan or lifestyle intervention on functional capacity, clinical phenotype, injury and stretch activation markers, physical activity, and quality of life in patients with nonobstructive HCM. ]]> <![CDATA[A randomized controlled trial of a physiology‐guided percutaneous coronary intervention optimization strategy: Rationale and design of the TARGET FFR study]]> https://www.researchpad.co/article/elastic_article_15250 Post‐percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) fractional flow reserve (FFR) ≥0.90 confers an improved cardiac prognosis. There are currently limited data available to determine how often it is possible to improve an angiographically acceptable but physiologically suboptimal result. A physiology‐guided optimization strategy can achieve a clinically meaningful increase in the proportion of patients achieving a final post‐PCI FFR ≥0.90 compared to standard care. Following angiographically successful PCI procedures, 260 patients will be randomized (1:1) to receive either a physiology‐guided incremental optimization strategy (intervention group) or blinded post‐PCI coronary physiology measurements (control group). Patients undergoing successful, standard‐of‐care PCI for either stable angina or non‐ST‐segment‐elevation myocardial infarction who meet the study's inclusion and exclusion criteria will be eligible for randomization. The primary endpoint is defined as the proportion of patients with a final post‐PCI FFR result ≥0.90. Secondary endpoints include change from baseline in Seattle Angina Questionnaire and EQ‐5D‐5L scores at 3 months and the rate of target vessel failure and its components (cardiac death, myocardial infarction, stent thrombosis, unplanned rehospitalization with target vessel revascularization) at 3 months and 1 year. 260 individual patients were successfully randomized between March 2018 and November 2019. Key baseline demographics of the study population are reported within. TARGET FFR is an investigator‐initiated, prospective, single‐center, randomized controlled trial of an FFR‐guided PCI optimization strategy. The study has completed recruitment and is now in clinical follow‐up. It is anticipated that primary results will be presented in Autumn 2020. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03259815. [Correction added on Apr 3 2020, after first online publication: Clinical Trials identifier added.]

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