ResearchPad - tropical-medicine-rounds https://www.researchpad.co Default RSS Feed en-us © 2020 Newgen KnowledgeWorks <![CDATA[Spectrum of skin diseases in Amerindian villages of the Upper Oyapock, French Guiana]]> https://www.researchpad.co/article/elastic_article_8292 Due to their genetic characteristics, their isolation in rainforest areas, and their traditional way of life, Amerindian populations are likely to suffer from a specific spectrum of dermatoses. However, there are few available data on such skin disorders. Our aims were to describe all skin disorders in two Amerindian villages of French Guiana.MethodsThis retrospective study concerned all patients who consulted in the Health Centres of Camopi and Trois‐Sauts between July 1, 2017, and December 31, 2018. We included all patients classified with an ICD code linked to a skin disorder. All medical records were cross‐checked by two dermatologists to correct misclassifications.ResultsA total of 639 patients formed the study population, for 866 different skin disorders. Non‐sexually transmitted infections represented 57.6% of all skin disorders, followed by eczema (11.5%) and bites/envenomations (9.1%). Bacteria were responsible for 238 skin infections, followed by fungi (141 cases) and parasites (69 cases, including 43 scabies, nine cutaneous leishmaniasis, and two tungiasis). We reported a low prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (10 cases) and an absence of skin cancers.ConclusionsThis study revealed the absence of skin cancer in the Amerindian population of the Upper Oyapock and the important burden of infectious and animal‐related diseases. Future studies should assess a possible underestimation of sexually transmitted diseases in this area. Public health policies should target neglected diseases such as cutaneous leishmaniasis, tungiasis, scabies, and envenomations. Atopic dermatitis was a significant and unexpected cause of consultations. ]]>